Were the lights over the Hudson River Valley really UFOs?

“It looked like a city of lights.”

Thousands claimed they saw the UFO


Dennis Sant

The quiet beauty of New York’s Hudson River Valley is home to upscale professionals and retirees.  They tend to be well-educated and cosmopolitan, hardly the type of people one would expect to be swept up by UFO fever.  Yet, that’s exactly what happened to more than 5,000 residents between 1983 and 1986.  Ultimately, the entire episode was largely dismissed as a hoax perpetrated by a group of local stunt pilots.  However, to this day, many of the eyewitnesses maintain that what they saw could not have been a handful of airplanes.

Dennis Sant, a husband and father of five, had worked in local government for 17 years.  He led a perfectly normal life.  Then on March 17, 1983, Dennis’s home in Brewster, New York, was the site of an extraordinary event:

“It was a very large object.  The structure of it was very dark gray, metallic, almost girder-type looking… The object seemed to be very silent.  The lights were iridescent, bright, they stood out in the sky and three-dimension.  It looked like a city of lights.  It just hung in the sky, all brilliant colors…  We followed the object around to the backyard.  And at that point, a feeling of fright came upon me.  Thoughts started to flood my mind, thoughts of the craft touching ground, thoughts of an encounter with an alien being.  Thoughts of being abducted.  All types of fearful thoughts started to enter into my mind.”

Officers radioed in about the UFO

But Dennis and his family were not the only ones mesmerized by the extraordinary light formation.  A few miles away, traffic screeched to a halt on Interstate 84 as the mysterious object hovered overhead.  The Hudson Valley sightings had only just begun.

One week later, Officer Andi Sadoff of the New Castle Police was on routine patrol when he, too, had an encounter:

“I was working a 4 PM to midnight tour and assigned to set up some radar to look for speeding cars and I looked up into the sky and saw a series of lights.  And at first I thought it was a plane, it was quite a distance, quite far away, but it was, it was really quite large.  As I recall, there were mostly white lights, but there were green lights also. It was alternating green and white lights.  It approached my vehicle and it stopped and it seemed to hover.  And I’m looking at this thing, thinking what is it?  I wasn’t afraid.  I was just amazed.  I was in awe of it.  I didn’t know what it was.  The only thing that I recall the most is I was amazed that there was no noise.  There was no humming.  There was no engine, there was no sound. It was absolutely silent.”

Then just seconds later, the eerie silence was broken by another eyewitness report.  At virtually the same time, Ed Burns, a computer engineer and senior manager for IBM, was driving home on the Taconic Parkway, 10 miles north of Officer Sadoff’s location:

“Out of nowhere, I got a lot of static on the radio.  I thought maybe I was on the wrong number, and then I went over to turn the dial again and that’s when I looked up and saw this craft.  It was a triangular ship.  And the back had to be as large as a football field at least. And there was no noise.”

Many articles were written about sightings

Ed pulled off the highway and joined a group of motorists by the side of the road. According to Ed, they were all staring at the sky, seemingly dumbstruck:

“I’m not into astronomy… but what I had witnessed that night was not from this planet.”

The eyewitness reports indicated the object was slowly moving north over the Hudson River Valley.  Officer Sadoff and at least 12 others saw it in New Castle.  Ten minutes later, Ed Burns and at least 20 motorists, saw it near Millwood.  Ten minutes after that, the phones began ringing off the hook in the police station at Yorktown. Officer William Wolf Jr. was the dispatcher on duty that night:

“Every line kept going, every single line, constantly answer the phone, another line would light up.  I’d answer the next line and another one would line up.  Got to the point… the county parkway stopped.  The people were out in their cars.  It was starting to get really crazy.  I tried calling the cars to find out if they saw anything.  And the only one that called… Kevin, said that he would stop in.”

Officer Kevin Soravilla arrived a few minutes later.  He also saw the lights reported by dozens of Yorktown residents:

“The object was extremely large.  I estimated it to be close to 300 to 400 yards wide. We stood out in front, facing to the north.  And approximately about five minutes later… the object began to appear from the northern horizon.”

Although Officers Wolf and Soravilla were standing side by side in front of the Yorktown Police station, their accounts are entirely contradictory.  Officer Soravilla was convinced that he saw a large object with a number of small lights:

“I would say approximately 16, 18 lights, running in a V formation, approximately 200 to 400 yards wide.  I was standing between the lights to see any type of a solid structure where he may have basically been staring at the lights himself.”

But Officer Wolf had a completely different impression:

“They looked like airplanes to me, I said Kev… I live near an airport and I see these airplanes every day.  So as they were coming over, he said well you can’t hear anything.  I said listen, but then we started to hear a drone.  It wasn’t one big solid unit.  But if you looked at it for like a couple of minutes or even a fraction as it was coming over, I could see where some people would’ve gotten upset.”

Suddenly, the Hudson Valley sightings had taken a dramatic turn.  It appeared that the UFOs were a hoax, nothing more than small aircraft flying in precise patterns.  Anthony Capaldi was an air traffic control specialist at the time of the sightings.  In the summer of 1983, he made an observation that seemed to settle the UFO controversy once and for all:

“The first time I observed the formation, it looked a little peculiar.  And from our vantage point in the tower, they just appeared to be just one big light because they were flying in tight formation.  I don’t think if this formation flew over an individual’s head at a thousand feet that there’s any way you could mistake it for anything but the formation flying, due to the sound of the aircraft engines.  And I imagine that at a thousand feet, you could really determine that it’s aircraft.”

But not everyone agreed.  Phillip Imbrogno, an author and UFO expert, spoke to several of the eyewitnesses:

“The UFO was surely seen before these hoaxster pilots began their night flights.  After these hoaxsters began their night flights, people would call me up who had seen the UFO on previous dates and said well I saw something strange in the sky but it wasn’t the same thing that I saw a week before.”

A home video showing a light formation above Brewster, New York, was taken on June 10, 1984, by local resident Bob Pozzuoli.  Phillip Imbrogno was convinced the footage showed an actual UFO:

“It has been looked at by a number of photographic experts who indicate that the movement of the object on the video seems to be one rigid object not individual objects.  Plus there were hundreds and hundreds of witnesses who saw the UFO and said it was something strange.  But the night that the airplanes were seen, there were also dozens of witnesses who said, in fact, that they did see airplanes.”

So what is the truth about the fantastic light formations in the sky above the Hudson River Valley?  Were they aerial stunts performed by sophisticated pranksters?  Or did the flying objects come from somewhere beyond the stars?

Watch this case now on Amazon Prime in season five with Robert Stack and in season one with Dennis Farina. Also available on YouTube with Dennis Farina. Various seasons available now on Hulu.



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    Where: Yorktown Heights, NY
    When: around 1985 or 86

    We were walking to or from the Jefferson Valley Mall with my friend Joe T. We saw a gigantic triangular solid object, dark in color. It was right there easily seen, sun shinning. It made no noise and hovered for about 8-10 minutes. It then turned a bright glowing red and went from 0 to some extreme speed in no time. And like that, it was gone. This happened on a summer day about 5 or 6 pm.


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    Is it possible the craft could have been a massive dirigible?


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    R. Takacs

    I was living in New Paltz N.Y in 1986 and saw this same object clear as day just after dusk one evening. It was massive, seen by at least 50 people in the supermarket parking lot. We were all just in awe of its size. But it was still just light enough to see the outline against the early evening sky. It was one object, V shaped, with white lights, noiseless, and very big. If I live to be 1000 years old I’ll never forget it.


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    Michael James

    As a ufo researcher and screenwriter I can tell you this crazy was NOT of alien design. Believe it or not that was created by humans and flown by human pilots. The craft is called a TRB3, Google it. They were seen over Belgium during the 80s and early 90s. It’s a US military craft, sorry gravity tech stolen from Nicola Tesla’s notes.

    the phone you are reading this from has more technology and computing power than what got men to the moon in 1969. We are living in The Jetsons age so where are the flying cars? The truth is the military has flying vehicles that make no sound and defy gravity itself by bending space around it. Is too complicated to explain in more detail and I’m not that smart. Keep looking up. ✌


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    1985: I was working inside a garage (Lettering a large Gas truck) on Evans Street (off Main Street) in New Rochelle NY…it was about 3:30-4 Pm on a Sunday. The Owners Brother ran in and yelled for me to come outside…I reluctantly put down my paintbrush and climbed down the wood plank scaffold to go outside…when I got out there he asked me to look up and tell him what I saw….I calmly said “the big dipper”…he said “do you see any other stars”, I said no. He very nervously said “well it wasn’t a big dipper a minute ago”…he handed me his polarized sunglasses and said to keep an eye on them while he ran to his car to get his binoculars….as I stood there the white dots rearranged themselves in a bird flight type triangle…I took a stick and drew it in the dirt to show him on his return…as I stared the triangle became orange dots that had a motion of their own and a glow and the triangle of dots disappeared….somewhere in my excitement he had returned but I can’t remember if he shared the binoculars….afterward we were a bit shocked…I stuttered that it must be airplanes…he said he had flown airplanes and there are no aircraft that could hover at that altitude….as we stood there chatting about what we saw…south and West of us there were weather balloons released probably what was miles away….we just looked at each other and did not discuss it anymore. We basically agreed that what we saw is what we saw and unless you saw it we would not bring it up….


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    Mark Packo

    Hello —
    Since I was tangentially involved in the production of this particular Unsolved Mysteries episode way back in 1990 or 91, and because it is an anniversary of a unique local sighting, I thought this post might be welcome here.
    (Pardon the formatting and other errors, was originally written for another purpose, no time for corrections)

    August 21, 1983
    lower Fairfield and New Haven counties, CT

    This attempt at a reconstruction of multiple sightings is provided as supplemental to my report pertaining to the similar UFO “wing” or “boomerang” type events which more prominently occurred during 03/21/85, 05/04/89 and 08/31/89. (Most but not all of report available online: search Mark Packo UFOs)

    Based on meagre sources, from a cold trail, I made this connect-the-dots effort because previous reporting was so cursory. Please keep in mind that what is included here is merely a small fraction of the approximately 90 minute-long incident. Likewise, it is very important and necessary to refer to maps of these locations. Maps are not the territory, but in this case they provide a damn good illustration of what happened within it.

    I have made every attempt, in listing these reports, to clarify the narrative – while maintaining what facts are available. Admittedly I needed to resort to guesswork now and then. As always, I have not included witness names. The timeline is critical, therefore emphasized.

    *An asterisk designates a repeat location: the same place, or very close, to where a similar sighting was reported on one or more occasion during 1983 – 1989.

    August 21, 1983 was a Sunday, cloudless, moon was waxing-gibbous…

    Pg2 A. Greater New Haven area:

    GNH1. Source: New Haven Journal Courier, August 22, 1983
    East Haven, Foxon section —

    “At Tweed-New Haven Airport, the calls began coming in
    (to the night attendant – the control tower closed at 10pm)
    about 10:30pm from the Foxon section of East Haven…
    (Foxon – Lake Saltonstall – is about 3 miles NNE of the airport)
    …received ‘maybe 20’ phone calls, each reporting ‘something up in the sky with different colored lights.’
    … the calls kept coming for an hour…”

    (* 03/21/85 – includes interview with same controller.)

    GNH2. Source: NUFORC.org
    East Haven, Momauguin section —

    Reported on 8/17/2000
    Sunday 21, August 1983, 10:50pm,
    Duration 15–20 minutes; Shape: Sphere

    “Object next to Tweed New Haven airport at tree level. Viewed by most residents of Stewart Street.
    I was watching cable TV which was just installed in our area and the movie channel went fuzzy. Suddenly we heard screams. Our neighbor’s daughter saw the object and got scared. My mother ran to the front door and object was directly overhead at tree level. No sound except for ultralow humming/vibration. …So we run outside and the neighbors are out and were looking at this thing.
    I can directly see into window of craft. If someone were to be standing in window I would have clearly seen them. Entire block witnessed event… Called airport and they told us they had ‘hovercraft” in the area.’… “

    (Unable to contact witness, but was able to determine this sighting likely took place near intersection of Stewart and Stuyvesant – about 1,500 feet west of the old Tweed tower.
    Duration of this sighting reported as 15-20 minutes, which I consider overestimated. Witness, 13 years old at the time, admits “can’t put pieces of event together clearly. Lost track of time of event.”
    Likewise, it is difficult to understand what angle she was observing this object at, in respect to “directly overhead” and “window”.)


    GNH3. Source: New Haven Journal Courier, August 22, 1983
    New Haven, Long Wharf —

    “Police in New Haven and West Haven also began getting calls after 10:30 p.m.
    R.M. and his wife saw a circular object with blinking lights and called out to their neighbors on Washington Avenue.
    …Not far away, in the parking lot of the Jackson Newspapers building, security guards JV and KR saw an object move toward the roof of the newspaper plant.
    …’We were doing our rounds and it just sat there in the air… The thing was too huge to be a plane. And the lights would suddenly go completely out.’”

    (The Jackson Newspaper building once housed the New Haven Register offices – a newspaper which avoided any mention of this event. It is now the Jordan’s Furniture store, between Sargent, Long Wharf and Hallock drives. This is about 2 miles NW, across New Haven Harbor, from the Stewart Street location.)

    (Unable to locate Washington Avenue witness. Washington Avenue in New Haven runs within a mile of this shoreline area, so an aircraft, even just a couple of hundred feet above the Long Wharf locale, would be quite visible. My survey of the area suggests that witnesses were most likely close to the intersection of Washington and Ella Grasso Blvd.
    Sightings’ time is unfortunately absent here. The old newspaper building’s parking lot allows a relatively open line of sight from SSE to NE. Therefore, the guards might have seen the UFO approaching from the direction of the harbor before it positioned itself above the building, probably when the nearby Washington Avenue witnesses were also gathering to watch it.)


    GNH4. Source: ibid
    New Haven, Yale Bowl —

    “It was late Sunday, almost midnight…
    “SF and JT had been driving home from downtown New Haven Sunday night when SF suddenly saw something … ‘The thing was huge… It looked bigger than a 747.’ He said, describing an oval-shaped object with multicolored lights which hovered above and across their path. It stopped above Yale Bowl….

    (Neither witness was locatable. However, from this scant information we can surmise the following:
    These two fellows were exiting downtown New Haven on their way home to West Haven and Milford, which means they were travelling WSW on Derby Avenue, near its intersection with Ella Grasso Blvd. This is adjacent to the very large and unlit open area of West River Memorial Park and the Saint Lawrence Cemetery. The UFO traveled from that area to their left (south), moving northward over Derby Ave before positioning itself above the stadium.)

    “…as two men sat atop their car outside Yale Bowl, watching the sky – and waiting.
    ’We waited for it to take off before we left.’ He (SF) said, describing the same disappearing series of lights on the object.”
    “…SF and JT were not alone in their observations… a crowd near an auto accident on Derby Avenue was watching something in the sky, West Haven police reported.”

    Yale Bowl is approximately 2 miles NW of the Jackson Newspapers building site.

    Roughly speaking, the time-frame for sightings between the Foxon section of East Haven and this Westville section of New Haven is about 75 minutes (10:30 to 11:45 pm.)

    Now, let’s go approximately 20 miles SW…

    Pg5 B. Greater Bridgeport area:

    GB1. Source: Flying Saucer Review, volume 31, 03/86 and ParaNet Alpha, 08/27/89 – (same author – similar but not identical accounts, intercut here) Bridgeport, Seaside Park —

    “At 10:40 pm, three women reported a low flying ‘V’ shaped object… These witnesses became somewhat agitated as the large display of light seemed to follow them from the shore and through Bridgeport towards the North End of town.”
    (Park Avenue runs south-north along the western border of Bridgeport, and is likely the road taken by these two ladies as the fled directly from the park.)

    (* 05/04/89 & 03/21/85 – Which includes and comments upon the University of Bridgeport/Interstate 95 sightings involving Night Siege authors.)

    GB2. Source: ibid
    Bridgeport, St. Vincent/Brooklawn section –

    “… I (RPC) myself, saw a set of unusual lights low over the North End near St. Vincent’s Hospital.

    (Witness – the author – was on the third floor of a building at the corner of French and Anson streets, approximately 1,000 feet south, and on a declination, from the hospital.)

    …studying when I decided to take a break. …at the north facing window, looking out when I saw a set of unusual lights. At first I thought it was a light aircraft, but quickly dismissed this idea, as the lights were too widely separated and moving much too slowly. There were three of them, very low (about fifteen degrees off the rooftops), one red, one green and one blue. They appeared equally separated and three hand-widths across (with my hands stretched directly in front of me). As I watched, the lights blinked out.
    I had first noticed them to the north-west drifting slowly to the south seemingly less than a mile away.
    (Above Merritt Street/Toilsome Hill section -about 4.5 miles north of Seaside Park)

    …As I watched, they seemed to be drifting slowly and then blinked out.
    …I moved to a window facing west, over Main Street. As I looked out, the lights reappeared.
    …the lights suddenly switched back on, now much closer. I was facing a display of three large, glowing lights, the left one red, the middle one green, the right one blue. Now they were seven to eight hand-widths across and hovering, motionless. They were stationary now, and much closer. There were three widely-spaced lights, approximately four city blocks away, about two or three hundred feet over the rooftops. …The lights, colored red, green and blue, began changing color…then they all went out.


    …I moved (He returned from the west window, back) to the north facing window.
    …As I looked out the open window I was presented with a huge wing-shaped array of lights moving slowly and silently to the east. …I witnessed a huge display of wing shaped colored lights, moving silently and slowly eastward between me and the hospital… I immediately realized that the object was very low, of tremendous proportions, and could not be an airfoil, as it was moving too slowly to hold itself up. …watched it intently for about three minutes.
    It drifted to the east (towards Rte8) for about one half mile and then the lights dimmed and shut off. The lights had been large, glowing and seemingly attached to a huge structure in the shape of an open ‘V …approximately 300 to 500 feet wide…and 200 to 300 feet long …it was 10:45 pm…”

    (* 05/04/89 – identical object traveled ¼ mile south of the hospital, crossing Main Street from direction of Mountain Grove Cemetery, heading towards Park Cemetery.)

    GB3. Source: Night Siege, 2nd Edition, 1998, pg. 73
    Bridgeport, Brooklawn section? —

    (Two witnesses) ”…saw an object near…home in Bridgeport, CT, just before 11:00 P.M. on August 21, 1983, a night during which police in the Bridgeport-New Haven area received a number of calls …
    ‘It moved above us, and as it went over we heard a faint humming sound,’ …‘It moved to the right and then the left. We watched for half a minute, and then all of a sudden the lights went off’.
    …Both women were scared and ran into the house…
    By the time they got back outside, the object was moving away.
    … ’It zigzagged across the sky… We followed it visually to the horizon and then it just shot straight up…’”

    (Verification of names from contemporaneous city records indicates that these witnesses were probably situated on Hawley Avenue, which runs SW to NE, crossing Main Street and running along the southern side of St. Vincent’s hospital. It provides a clear line of sight to the NE, towards Bunnell’s Pond/Beardsley Park – and Routes 8 and 25.)


    GB4. Source: ParaNet Alpha,
    Stratford, Sikorsky Memorial Airport —

    “Security guard L of Sikorsky Field in Stratford reported that a very excited motorist had driven into the airport at approximately 10:55 pm to report having seen ‘a huge UFO’ over Route 25 moments before.”

    (* 08/31/89 & 09/89 – This fellow would have been travelling southbound on Rte25, on his way to the Interstate 95 interchange. It would have taken him about 10 minutes to arrive at the Sikorsky Memorial Airport in Stratford, supporting 10:45pm for his sighting, which probably took place less than 2 miles NE of St Vincent’s hospital, in the vicinity of the Rte8-Rte15-Rte25 interchanges.)

    GB5. Source: http://www.alienabductionresearchers.com/taconic-parkway-ufo-flap.html – anonymous (Email inquiry bounced – dormant website?)
    Bridgeport, west side? –

    “I saw this UFO in 1983 when it was hovering about 500 ft over my house in Bridgeport, CT. My sister lived in the house next door to me and came outside late on evening with five of her friends not knowing what was overhead. They were in shock as one of them looked up and saw this huge object later to be estimated at between 300 to 400 yards across…
    There were no lights on and it wasn’t making a sound. She called me and just as I came out the door the craft began moving to the east at a very slow speed when all of a sudden about a hundred multicolored lights turned on. You could see structure under the ship almost like the types of beams you would see in a warehouse.
    The ship was massive. It looked like a floating city. I jumped in my car and gave chase, but fell short of where it ended up. If I had gone another ¼ mile I would have seen it again over top of the GE building on Boston Avenue in Bridgeport, CT where hundreds of people parked their cars and got out to watch it…”

    (Seems probable that this sighting also took place near St Vincent’s hospital, and at the same time as those previously listed, considering the fact that the main witness drove east following after the UFO, only to stop so close to Old Mill Green.)

    (Likewise, my guess is that the author’s mention of the UFO’s appearance over the GE site was something he only assumed took place soon after his own sighting, probably because he read about it the next day in the Police Log of the Bridgeport Post, or heard about it later from others; see GB8.)


    GB6. Source: ParaNet Alpha
    Monroe, Whitney Farms area –

    “At 11:06pm, the Monroe Police Department received a call from an electrical engineer living near a new golf course in the town. …LL reported observing a set of unusual colored lights hovering …

    At 11:10 pm, the Monroe Police received another call … (3 witnesses) saw a very large, ‘V’ shaped group of lights hovering at less than two hundred feet in front of their house. The lights, ‘blue, green and almost a pink color’, hovered and then began moving directly towards the open fields of the golf course. …watched it hovering silently for approximately five minutes before it began moving silently over his house.

    Shortly after this, another Monroe resident and her teenaged daughter saw the object moving slowly over their house back towards Bridgeport.”

    (Elapsed time of these sightings, about 15 minutes: 11:05 – 11:20pm)

    (* The Pequonnock river valley/Rte25 vicinity – from Rte15 north to Rte 111 – can be considered Ground Zero, due to so many of these type of sightings during that era.)

    GB7. Source: Bridgeport Post, Area Police Log, August 22, 1983
    Stratford, Bunnell High School/Pirhalla Farm —

    “CR, 58, of Shelton, said he was stopped at about 11:30 at a traffic light at the corner of Huntington Road and Connor’s Lane when his wife first spotted the alleged UFO.
    CR said he pulled over on Connor’s Lane and joined others who had gathered to watch the ‘huge cluster of lights’ …’two city blocks long and hovering 1,000 feet in the air’
    …for about two minutes before it disappeared.”

    (*Exact same location as 08/31/89.
    Unable to verify given identity of reported witness from city directories – likely gave a false name to protect his privacy. My guess is that the couple were returning home at this hour, so facing north at the intersection. That angle of view is much more advantageous to noticing an aerial object stationed above the high school and adjacent fields.)


    GB8. Source: Bridgeport Post and ParaNet Alpha
    Bridgeport, Old Mill Green area — General Electric facility/Lakeview Cemetery/ Stillman’s Pond

    “At 11:50 pm, a young woman in the vicinity of the General Electric plant near Boston and Seaview Avenues called the Bridgeport police to say that she and several friends were watching a huge lighted object either moving or hovering in the sky.”

    (* 09/89. This is the last reported sighting.
    Note: the alleged time is an hour later than that of GB5.)

    Total elapsed time of all Greater Bridgeport sightings =
    70 minutes: 10:40 – 11:50pm
    And again, total elapsed time for all Greater New Haven sightings =
    75 minutes: 10:30 – 11:45pm


    Much as I would enjoy delving into all the sloppy reporting and inadequate research – and especially the egregious lack of information sharing by other investigators! – preceding my regrettably sparse and sketchy results here, I will not bother; too much time has passed.

    Realistically, my only expected result was to provide a somewhat amplified list of only a small percentage of what must have been dozens of UFO sightings, with a potential timeline.

    I prefer to leave speculation to the reader, but here are some personal observations I believe are justified:

    There must have been at least two UFOs performing flyovers within both separate areas between 10:30 and 11:55pm on the night of August 21, 1983.

    Regardless of how rapidly any type of aircraft might be able to travel – purposefully zipping back and forth, hopping here and there, between and within both counties –
    the previous assumption that only one object was responsible for all the activity over so wide a range of places simply does not hold up. Even casual scrutiny, and just plain common sense, recommends that a single aircraft – or hoaxing formation – is an invalid conclusion.

    Based on careful consideration of all the available information concerning this cluster of events I contend that, from the very beginning of this particular 80’s local wave, multiple UFOs were the rule rather than the exception.

    The obviously deliberate selection of wide open areas – at least in lower Fairfield County – over which these unusually large aircraft rigged with such peculiar lighting repeatedly choose to be noticed describes an overall pattern, like a survey; stops on a tour.

    In my opinion, one UFO sighting can be considered some sort of a display, but
    multiple UFOs apparently in coordination comprise an overtly covert tactic:
    a secretive presentation – as contradictory as it appears.

    One would expect repeated maneuvers like those I have attempted to catalog, especially when conducted over the span of several years, to have a goal, to help achieve an outcome of some sort. Yet, after more than two and a half decades, any overall purpose this particular complex of UFO sightings eventually intended to serve – other than as some weird form of psychological operation – remains a mystery.


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      1985: (spring/summer) I was working inside a garage (Lettering a large Gas truck) on Evans Street (off Main Street) in New Rochelle NY…it was about 3:30-4 Pm on a Sunday. The Owners Brother ran in and yelled for me to come outside…I reluctantly put down my paintbrush and climbed down the wood plank scaffold to go outside…when I got out there he asked me to look up and tell him what I saw….I calmly said “the big dipper”…he said “do you see any other stars”, I said no. He very nervously said “well it wasn’t a big dipper a minute ago”…he handed me his polarized sunglasses and said to keep an eye on them while he ran to his car to get his binoculars….as I stood there the white dots rearranged themselves in a bird flight type triangle…I took a stick and drew it in the dirt to show him on his return…as I stared the triangle became orange dots that had a motion of their own and a glow and the triangle of dots disappeared….somewhere in my excitement he had returned but I can’t remember if he shared the binoculars….afterward we were a bit shocked…I stuttered that it must be airplanes…he said he had flown airplanes and there are no aircraft that could hover at that altitude….as we stood there chatting about what we saw…south and West of us there were weather balloons released probably what was miles away….we just looked at each other and did not discuss it anymore. We basically agreed that what we saw is what we saw and unless you saw it we would not bring it up….


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      Mark Packo

      Hello, again. This sightings report goes along with the August 1983 events already submitted to Unsolved Mysteries, as well as my 1989 report, uploaded by MUFON; link:
      Taken as a whole, all of these sightings – along with so many similar others included at Unsolved Mysteries, and other reputable places – provide an unassailable record of something worth far more investigation than has, even to this day, been provided.
      Starting with the usually inadequate newspaper coverage, edited for brevity:
      Bridgeport Post-Telegram, May 05, 1989 —
      “Fairfield County residents reported seeing a large unidentified flying object soaring through the nighttime sky Thursday night. But Sikorsky Memorial Airport Manager… blamed it on a group of nearby pilots playing a prank.
      Easton resident… said he saw a UFO flying near his home between 9:30 and 10 p.m. ‘It looked like a flying-wing-type shape with lights in the back… It flew over the treeline in back of our house.’ …said the craft resembled the U.S. Military’s new Stealth bomber, with red, yellow and blue lights in the back and a blinking red light on the right side.
      But (airport manager)… said: ‘They’ve got to be airplanes.’
      … A Trumbull woman who didn’t want to be identified telephoned the… Newspapers, saying the low-flying object was big as a football field and V-shaped. A low, mellow hum was emitted from the UFO, which was adorned with lights, she added.
      Trumbull and Easton police departments reported receiving several calls of UFO sightings Thursday night….
      Now, the bulk of my MUFON report concerning May 04, 1989, omitted from what had been uploaded:
      Sometime around 9 PM, a young married couple was driving north up Dewey Street, on their way to meet some friends for a late meal at the New Colony Diner, some two miles distant.
      As they passed along the eastern border of Mountain Grove Cemetery… the couple noticed a group of bright white lights that appeared to be situated atop a high-rise building less than a quarter of a mile ahead of them and slightly to their left. As they approached North Avenue they saw, between the tall conifers spaced irregularly along the boundary of the cemetery, that these lights did not seem to be in motion, causing them to wonder whether they were possibly part of a newly installed air-conditioning unit atop the high-rise. However, once they arrived at the intersection of Dewey and North Avenue, stopping for the traffic light, they had a much closer look at what now shockingly resembled to each of them a “jet plane coming in for a landing”.
      Craning their necks out the car’s side windows in order to get a better look, the couple observed a wing-shaped arrangement of evenly spaced white lights, with a single red light blinking off and on located at the tip of the port-side wing, closest to them. Though this array of lights seemed to belong to an aircraft, no fuselage was visible. Both of the witnesses remarked that the configuration of lights seemed to begin moving forwards, almost simultaneously with their arrival at the intersection. However, they were not firmly convinced of this being a fact, since they were both cognizant of the illusion of motionlessness which strong lights viewed head-on from a moving vehicle tends to create.
      In any case, very slowly and without any discernable sound, the array advanced until it was directly above the intersection. While this was happening, the couple had to crouch down near the dashboard in order to view it through their windshield. Though the altitiude and apparent size of the display was difficult for either of them to estimate, they each steadfastly insisted that it still alarmingly resembled an unusually low-flying yet silent commercial airliner.
      Gradually passing over the intersection, the lights began to execute what was described as a peculiar type of U-turn, moving “sideways” in an extremely tight angle and without any discernable variation between each constituent light as it happened. Changing direction to ENE, the formation remained inaudible, even though the car windows were rolled down and there was no other traffic noticed in the vicinity at the time.
      Once the traffic light changed, the couple crossed North Avenue and immediately parked alongside the small cemetery behind Larson’s Funeral Home. Benefiting from the wide open view to the east that this site offered him, the husband got out of the car and watched as the lights gradually moved away, towards the NE. During this time he recalled seeing the port-side wing still as an angular row of steady white lights, but the starboard wing was now only visible as a string of pale green lights, which he judged to be aligned along its stern-most edge. He estimated this array’s altitude to have been no higher than that of a helicopter’s “hovering over your backyard, just above the treetops”. And, as before, no sound or fuselage was detected.
      After watching for a minute or so, the couple proceeded in their car towards their destination. Meanwhile, over at the New Colony Diner, their friends were awaiting their arrival outside in the parking lot when they noticed a bright cluster of lights drifting above Central High/Kennedy Stadium. Remarking to each other about the similarity this sight bore to what they had once seen over a reservoir in Milford (Interstate 95, exit 34), they watched with increasing alarm as the lights seemed to make a slight course correction and head towards them. As it began to pass overhead, this wing-shape either decelerated or stopped momentarily, further astonishing the pair, as well as drawing the attention of numerous passerby and people from inside the diner. After less than a minute… the array contined heading NNE towards Trumbull.
      Additional details were not forthcoming from this witness (mentioned in newspaper article)… It should be noted that the area over which the UFO was seen is directly adjacent to the Easton reservoir’s dam.
      Likewise, it was difficult to obtain a more satisfactorily complete description…
      In any case, to add the few other details he was willing to provide:
      Sometime around 9:45 PM, this gentleman was driving home from his late-shift job when he noticed a peculiar arrangement of blue lights which seemed to be drifting slowly southwards, towards Bridgeport, on the opposite side of Route 25. Parking on the soft shoulder of the off-ramp that connect to Daniels Farm Road, he watched as these lights abruptly changed direction, heading north. As he continued up the incline of Daniels Farm Road towards his home, he tried to keep track of this formation, becoming more and more intrigued by its unusual flight characteristics and peculiar appearance (he professed to be employed as an engineer at Avco-Lycoming).
      Determined to get help in identifying this thing, the witness turned off Daniels Farm, onto Strobel Road, in order to fetch his father who lived near by. Together, the two of them were able to quickly relocate the formation of lights as it was passing, slow and soundless, over the Trumbull High School. Above the large field in back of the school the lights changed color, then blinked off all at once. Further attempts to locate them that evening by these two men proved futile.


  7. Avatar

    Ed Mulvaney

    I lived in Poughkeepsie NY from 1978 to 1987. I know most sightings were from 1981 and up but a friend and I were driving back from Brewster to Poughkeepsie in fall 1979 around 1am and had encountered an extremely large craft while traveling west on 84 coming down stormville mountain. As we drove, off to the right you can see across a large valley when my friend almost screamed what is that? Looking to the right about 1/4 to 1/2 miles was a craft as large as an aircraft carrier moving maybe 20 to 40 mph parallel to rt 84 heading west. I was eye level to it when we first saw it as we were coming down in elevation. From this view, it had the height or more than the trees it was passing over. It was easily 10 times that in length. I could see a dark structure with bright white lights at both ends with colored smaller lights that shifted colors.
    I exited 84 onto the taconic state parkway northbound when about a quarter mile up we came across 15 to 20 cars pulled over on both sides of the highway in which I pulled behind one on the center median. We got out. Everyone was out of their cars already watching the skies to the south. There is a full grown forest to the south (and north) with a meadow from the parkway to around 75 yards to the tree line. We stood there for a minute or two when over the treeline this ship came into view. It appeared to be a dark metallic structure which was a huge triangular shape with a large oval shaped section on the belly. This had oval ports of chasing lights that were intense and multiple colors. The 3 points of the triangle had very bright white lights that changed intensity. It appeared to traveling 3 to 5 mph and took a minute for the whole craft to come into view. What struck me was the lack of noise, off to the north 2 or 3 miles away was a single engine plane heading south. I could hear the drone of the engine but not anything from this giant piece of hardware maybe 300 to 400 feet above me. It lumbered north and crossed right overhead, I was amazed at how much of the night sky it blocked from my view. It continued north and disappeared over the trees. The whole ordeal lasted maybe 3 minutes. Everyone started to get in their cars and drive away. I spoke to one gentleman and asked, what do you think? He looked at and opened his car door, got in and drove off. I don’t know what I saw, but it was not designed, assembled and flown by creatures from this planet…


    • Avatar

      Ed Mulvaney

      Sorry, the direction of the craft from the northbound lane of the taconic state parkway was coming from the east and traveling west


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    I lived in the Hudson Valley between Lagrange and Verbank New York from 1983 to 1996. One night I saw the group of lights everyone describes as a UFO over near Route 82. I jumped in my car and drove from the valley up the hill to the parking area at Sky Acres airport overlooking the valley. I hopped out and turned off my car to watch “it” pass over. I could hear the faint sound of Ultralight airplane engines running as the group of lights drifted slowly by. I listened and heard the voice of pilots shouting back and forth instructions to maintain a tight accurate formation. It was a large group of ultralights with a single light beneath each aircraft. I thought it was a neat hoax and drove home. I have not heard of the “UFO” sitings until years later. I am an instrument rated pilot with many hours of night flying experience. What they did was very difficult to pull off just to take off and form up into an accurately placed group that maintained formation for a long period of time. Sky Acres airport is a remote private airport with few houses around so it was not so difficult to get away with it.


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    June 1983 On top of the apple orchard on salt point rd.Warm summer night with my high school girlfriend .I seen a huge object in the clear skies.It moved so fast it bent light. It was amazing to watch as it could stand still yet in the blink of an eye be gone


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    In the summer of 1983, my Dad and I decided to take a ride from our house in Tomkins Cove, NY to enjoy the summer evening. I took the T-Tops off from the Camaro, and headed out with my Dad driving north up towards Bear Mountain State Park, and over the Bear Mountain Bridge. After crossing the bridge, I turned North onto the Bear Mountain Beacon Hwy, 9D. After a few minutes driving on 9D, I looked up through the T-top and saw a formation of lights. I was curious about the lights as I had never seen lights like that before in the night sky, so I pulled over into a turn out and got out of the car. There a very few houses in the area, and once we were out of the car, it was very dark. As I looked up into the sky, I saw a string of red and green lights, alternating in that pattern, red and green, and moving very slow from the south to the north. The lights were equally spaced in a straight line, and spanned about 150 feet across and approximately 500-1000 feet above the tree line. I watched the lights for about 20-30 seconds before they moved on northward over the tree line and out of sight. There was no sound at all coming from the lights nor did the lights appear to descend or change altitude during the time I observed them.
    After some years had gone by I read what was reported to be ultralight aircraft flying in tight formation as the reason for the numerous sightings and reports. I would have to disagree with that premise. At the time I was not a pilot but now hold an Airline Transport Rating with two type ratings. I’ve accumulated over 5,000 hours of flight time and have flown in tight formation in high performance jets. Even if the ultralights; fashioned with bed sheets and lawn mower engines were tethered together with broom sticks, they would not have been able to maintain their position relative to one another, nor stay in the sky. I could go on and on to debunk the debunkers but I’ve had my say. Though this happened more than 30 years ago it’s fresh in my mind and for some time I’ve wanted to post my comments. Thanks for the opportunity.
    I know Tony Capaldi….and he’s a good guy… but………how many ATC types do you know of who report observations.


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    i also witnessed the UFO in the hudson valley in the summer of 1983 at Hessian Lake Bear mountain. Was there with a friend and two girls at the time . It was around 9-10pm i have never discussed it before and me and my friend never talk about it. We were the only ones there at the lake all 4 of us and it Hovered over the lake about 100-200 feet above it. No sound….just lights. It is as everyone has described which makes me feel validated at what i witnessed because it was so unbelievable. It was huge …a football field long and very wide. Had a distinct dark metallic grey/black color and i was so scared that i grabbed on to a tree for dear life. One of the lights shined on me/white and the rest is is really not very memmorable as i think i went into a shock. It left silently and un noticably. When the girls got home they told thier moms and the called police and west point etc….no other sightings
    no explanations
    to this day i will never forget what i witnessed


  12. Avatar


    I witnessed the Hudson Valley UFO in July 1984, it was huge over a football field size. My sighting was almost directly over my head at approximately 10:20PM. It came over my neighbors house which was a two story colonial and it made his house look small. It was no more than 500 feet over his house and made no sound at all. It drifted ever so slowly and my sighting was approximately 3 to five minutes long. I was in the Air Force and I attempted to put clouds between the object and my line of site to see if it was one object and the clouds disappeared behind the object. Approximately two minutes into my sighting the most amazing thing happened the entire object started to revolve their were seven lights which all began to spin in a counterclockwise matter and the entire opbect then made an immediate ninety degree (90) turn and then drifted into a 15 – 20 mile an hour wind and disappeared. This was not a group of ultralight aircraft at the distance directly over my head I would have heard them one sounds like a loud lawnmower seven would have been very loud and this was a rather sparsely populated area in Kent NY.

    Another thing why would ultralight pilots fly so tight in formation in the night above a development of homes?, why would ultralight pilots risk their licenses and fly over a Nuclear Power Plant a half our later which is restricted air space.

    I close my eyes and I see this object like it was last night, the most incredible thing I ever saw.

    ** As a side story in Brewster High School they held a UFO conference as it was such a big deal at the time I met J. Allen Hynct who discussed the sighting and took reports. At that confrence whgich was covered by media from all over the area and outside the area they had a person give a UFO siting which took place in The United Kingdom, it was the first time they reported on the Randlesheim (Sorry on the spelling)) at the time which occurred in 12/1980. I will never forget this sighting.


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    I saw a circle disc in 74 in ft. Myers at the intersection of ortiz and palm beach blvd. travel ing east to west toward downtown ft.myers lights on the sauer blinked one at a time right to left .


    • Avatar


      Sounds like a plane not a saucer, you said lights flashing side by side one at a time? Those are what conventional aircraft have, you had to mistaking it


  14. Avatar

    Donald caulley

    I seen this spaceship looking object in somers newyork. It was off route 100 biggest thing I’ve ever seen. No noice what so ever. Bigger then a football field. I could have thrown a rock and hit it.


  15. Avatar

    Kay M

    My mom and i saw 3 ufos in mid wilshire los angeles.They were glowing like balls of light. They hovered briefly above a skyscraper office building. Then they sort of zapped away in an upward direction in the sky and were gone in a instant. I was only about 12 at the time. I had never studied or even cared about what a ufo would look like. As I got older, of course I became curious and looked into the stories told by others who have also seen them. Its strange that we have to seek out evidence to verify what our own eyes have seen, but those accounts have solidified my belief in ufos because they’re eerily similar. The way they look the way that they move; It’s very true.


  16. Avatar

    Gil Carlson

    THE ALIENS MAY BE CLOSER TO YOU THAN YOU THINK! The Complete Guide to Extraterrestrial Bases on Earth Hundreds of strange and mysterious locations that have revealed amazing, bizarre technology:


  17. Avatar

    Gil Carlson

    The document contains notes and drawings supposedly made by the scientist who visited various UFO crash sites, and this info was released before he disappeared.


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Please note that you can request, at any time, that we delete your Personal Data.  All requests must be directed to the contact in the “Contact Information” section below.  We can decide to delete your Personal Data if we believe that the data is incomplete, inaccurate, or that our continued use and storage are contrary to our obligations to other members, individuals, or third parties.  When we delete your Personal Data, it will be removed from our active databases or anonymized so that the data is no longer identified with you, but the data may remain in our archives if CMP determines that it is not practical or possible to delete it.

Your Personal Data is processed in the United States, where privacy laws may be less stringent than the laws in your country and where the government, courts, or law enforcement may be able to access your data.  By submitting your Personal Data to us, you agree to the transfer, storage and processing of your Personal Data in the United States.

You, as the data subject, have the right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority, in particular in the Member State of your habitual residence, place of work, or place of the alleged infringement, if you believe that the processing of your personal data does not comply with legal requirements.

In the event we determine the occurrence of a data security incident, we will notify you by email, US mail, telephone, or other means as permitted by law.

If you have questions, comments, or complaints concerning our privacy practices or if you wish to change, access, or remove your Personal Data, please contact us as indicated below.  We will attempt, where practical, to respond to your requests and to provide you with additional privacy related information.

Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. is the owner of this Website and retains all ownership rights to the information collected at this Website. Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. reserves the right to change, modify, add, or remove provisions of this Privacy Statement. Any changes to this Privacy Statement will be posted here, and we encourage you to check back from time to time. In addition, Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. will notify registered users of changes as they occur.

We allow third-party companies to serve ads and/or collect certain anonymous information when you visit our web site. These companies may use non-personally identifiable information (e.g., click stream information, browser type, time and date, subject of advertisements clicked or scrolled over) during your visits to this and other Web sites in order to provide advertisements about goods and services likely to be of greater interest to you. These companies typically use a cookie or third party web beacon to collect this information. To learn more about this behavioral advertising practice or to opt-out of this type of advertising, you can visit networkadvertising.org. Your use of the site constitutes your agreement to accept cookies, beacons and third-party advertising. Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. assumes no responsibility for third-party ads.

ARTICLE 1. Personalization
1.1 We may use the contact information you give us to better tailor your Website experience to your interests, and to send you information about Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. and its services as well as promotional material on behalf of some of our partners. We may use other information that you provide to us to show you content in which you may be interested and to display the content according to your preferences. We will also share this information within Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. in order to enhance your experience on this and other Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. Websites.
1.2 In addition, we may share this information with advertisers or other third parties that are not part of the Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. family on an aggregate or other basis that does not disclose your identity or contact information.

ARTICLE 2. Online Surveys/Contests
2.1 From time to time, we may conduct online surveys and contests. These may ask you for contact information (like name or email address) and demographic information (like zip code or age).
2.2 We may use this contact information from our surveys and contests to provide you with information about our company and promotional material on behalf of some of our partners, and to contact you when necessary.

ARTICLE 3. Shopping/Commercial Services
3.1 This Website may offer shopping services, which may be offered by us or by a firm that operates a store under contract with us. If our Website offers shopping or other commercial services, you will use a customer order form to request information, products, and services. The order form will ask you to give us contact information (like name or email address), financial information (like account or credit card numbers), and demographic information (like zip code or age).

3.2 We will use the financial information that you provide to bill you for products and services. By giving our Website your credit card and related personal information, you are authorizing our store to give that information to the merchant and credit card company in order to confirm and fulfill your order.

3.3 We will use contact information from the order form to fulfill your orders. We may also use contact data to get in touch with you when necessary. We will not otherwise use or distribute your financial information without your prior approval.

ARTICLE 4. Public forums
4.1 This Website may make available chat rooms, blogs, forums, message boards, and news groups. Please remember that any information that you disclose in these areas becomes public information and you should exercise caution when deciding to disclose your personal information. Information disclosed by you or by others enters the public domain and may be freely used by any other persons or entities using the site.

ARTICLE 5. Information Sharing With Third Parties
5.1 From time to time we may enter into a special relationship with another company that is not owned by Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. to provide additional features at this Website. These special relationships may include “powered by” partners, business partners, sponsors, and co-branded sites (referred to here as “co-branded pages”). These might include, for example, pages that share our name and that of another entity. You should look for a specific privacy statement on any such co-branded page. Any personal information that you provide when signing up at one of those co-branded pages may be shared with our third party partner. You should also check our partner’s website for information regarding its privacy policies.

5.2 Also, the nature of some features of our Website may require that we share personal information about you with persons or companies outside of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. For example, this may occur at a feature that enables you, via our Website, to ask questions of persons or entities that are not part of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. By responding to those features of the site, whether by email or direct entry of information on our Website, you are consenting to our transferring that information to such persons or entities.

5.3 With respect to specific registration modules, like contests, we may disclose personal information collected, and we may post a conspicuous statement on the registration module to the effect that we will be disclosing the information collected with third parties.

5.4 Finally, we may share any of the information collected from you with these other non- Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc companies in an aggregate basis. The aggregated information is not linked to any information that can identify you.

ARTICLE 6. IP Address and Log Files
6.1 We may use your IP address to administer our Website, to help diagnose problems with our server, to analyze trends, to track users’ webpage movements, to help identify you and your shopping cart, and to gather broad demographic information for aggregate use.

ARTICLE 7. Cookies
7.1 This Website may use a standard technology called a “cookie” to collect information about how you use the Website. Cookies reside on your computer and help our Website to recognize your computer’s browser as a previous visitor. This information allows us to customize delivery of information. For example, our Website may use cookies to save and remember registration information or preferences that you may have set while browsing the Website, to keep track of your shopping cart, to ensure you don’t see the same ad content repeatedly, to deliver content specific to your interests, and to save your password so you do not have to re-enter it each time you visit our site. We use cookies only to gather information as indicated in this policy.

7.2 In addition, on occasion our site may also set a “session cookie” which helps us administer the Website. The session cookie expires when you close your browser and does not retain any information about you after it expires.

7.3 Finally, we may also use an ad network provider to help present advertisements on this and other Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. websites. This ad network provider, like other advertising service vendors, uses cookies, web beacons, or similar technologies on the hard drive of your computer to serve you advertisements tailored to interests you have shown by browsing on this and other sites you have visited, and to determine whether you have seen a particular advertisement before and to avoid sending you duplicate advertisements. In doing so, the provider collects non-personal data such as your browser type, your operating system, web pages visited, time of visits, content viewed, ads viewed, and other clickstream data. The use of cookies, web beacons, or similar technologies by these ad network providers is subject to their own privacy policies, not ours, and Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. assumes no responsibility for the collection or use of such information.

ARTICLE 8. Banner Advertising
8.1 We have contracted with an ad-service to place banner advertising on our Website. All of the data provided and generated by the ad-server software remains in our possession. This feature of our Website may, on occasion, set “cookies” on your computer. Any information collected or stored by the ad-service or the cookies is treated in the same manner as other information described in this statement.

ARTICLE 9. Children’s Personal Information
9.1 Consistent with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act:

9.1.1 This site does NOT collect, use, or disclose personal information (including online contact information) of children under the age of thirteen (13).

9.1.2 In the event that a child under the age of 13 attempts to register on our site, we will NOT accept the registration and will delete information received from the child.

9.1.3 In the event that a child posts personal information in a public forum such as a chat room, we will attempt to delete that information once we become aware of it.

ARTICLE 10. Security of Your Personal Information
10.1 Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. employs reasonable security measures consistent with standard industry practice, for information collected through this Website. We believe that we have adequate security measures in place in our physical facilities to protect against the loss, misuse, or alteration of the information we collect on our Website. We also use internal protections to limit access to users’ personal information to only those employees who need the information to perform a specific job.

ARTICLE 11. Sale or Merger
11.1 If this Website is sold to, or merges with, another company not owned by Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc., you should expect that some or all of the information collected from this Website may be transferred to the buyer/surviving company. If so, CMP will seek to obligate the acquiring company to use any personal information transferred by this Website in a manner consistent with this statement, but cannot guarantee that it will be able to impose that requirement or that the acquiring company will comply.

ARTICLE 12. Legal Process
12.1 You should be aware that Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. may be required to disclose your personal information to the government or third parties under certain circumstances, such as in court or regulatory proceedings.

ARTICLE 13.  Contacting the Website

13.1        If you have any questions about this Privacy Statement, the practices of this Website, or your dealings with this Website, please contact us at: unsolved@unsolved.com.

ARTICLE 14.  general information

14.1        Choice of Law:  This Agreement and the Additional Terms shall be governed by, construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of California , as it is applied to agreements entered into and to be performed entirely within such state, without regard to conflict of law principles.

14.2        Choice of Forum:  You agree that any cause of action you or Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. brings to enforce this Agreement and/or the Additional Terms, or in connection with any matters related to this Website and/or the Privacy Statement, shall be submitted to arbitration in the County of Los Angeles, State of California, United States of America in accordance with the commercial rules and regulations of the American Arbitration Association then in effect (as amended herein), provided that said arbitration shall be heard before a single arbitrator, who shall be a retired judge, selected pursuant to such rules and regulations, and shall be conducted on an expedited basis and in confidence. The arbitrator’s decision shall be controlled by the terms and conditions of this agreement and any other agreements I may enter into with you, and shall be final and binding, and shall provide for each party to bear its own costs of arbitration and attorneys’ fees.  Each party expressly waives any right to a jury.  Judgment upon the award of the arbitrator may be entered or enforced in any court of competent jurisdiction. 

14.4        If any provision of this Agreement, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid or for any reason unenforceable then such provision shall be deemed superseded by a valid, enforceable provision that matches, as closely as possible, the original provision, and the other provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect.  The failure of either party to insist upon strict performance of any provision of this Agreement shall not be construed as a waiver of any provision or right.  Unless expressly provided otherwise, this Agreement is the entire agreement between you and Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. with respect to the use of this Website and shall not be modified except in writing, signed by an authorized representative of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc.

ARTICLE 15.  European Union and Other Foreign Nations

15.1        This Website is governed by and operated in accordance with the laws of United States of America and is intended for enjoyment of residents of the United States.  Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. makes no representation that this Website is governed by or operated in accordance with the laws of other nations.  By using this Website and submitting any personal information, visitors from outside of the United States acknowledge this Website is subject to U.S. law, consent to the transfer of personal data to the U.S., and waive any claims that may arise under their own national laws.