Did James Earl Ray really kill Martin Luther King or was he set up to take the fall?

Martin Luther King, Jr.

James Earl Ray


On the evening before his death, civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered one of his most stirring and prophetic speeches. Less than 24 hours later, Dr. King was dead, shot by an assassin’s bullet as he left his motel for dinner. His accused killer, James Earl Ray, pleaded guilty to the murder and the case was officially closed.

King’s aides point in direction of shooter

But just three days after his conviction, Ray recanted his guilty plea. He suddenly claimed that he was just a pawn in a conspiracy to kill Dr. King. Ray’s claims of innocence were dismissed and the case remained closed.

In 1976, a congressional committee of the U.S. House of Representatives determined that James Earl Ray was the lone assassin of Dr. King. But Walter Fauntroy, the chairman of the King Subcommittee, now believes that conclusion was wrong:

“When you look at a murder, you look at three things – who had the motive, the means and the opportunity.  I’m not satisfied that James Earl Ray had a sufficient motive, that he had the means and certainly the opportunity to pull it off as it was done.”

Did the fatal shot come from the bushes?

Until his death in 1998, James Earl Ray maintained that he did not shoot Martin Luther King. The FBI stands by their original finding that Ray acted alone. But some researchers now say there is evidence that backs up Ray’s allegations of conspiracy.

Martin Luther King arrived in Memphis on April 3, 1968, the day before he was assassinated. King checked into the Lorraine Motel and began planning a march in support of striking city sanitation workers. King’s presence at the motel had been well publicized by the press.

Across the street from the motel was a rooming house. On April 4, just before 6:00 p.m., Williams Anschutz, a tenant of the rooming house, found the building’s communal bathroom locked. What follows is the official government account of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King.

Bullet was never matched to the gun

Inside the bathroom, James Earl Ray, a career petty criminal, loaded a high-powered rifle and took aim at the Lorraine Motel and shot King. According to the government, James Earl Ray then raced into the room he had rented earlier that day.  He wrapped the rifle, along with an overnight bag containing personal items, into a bedspread. In the hallway,  he was seen by Charles Stephens, who lived in the room next to the bathroom.

As he was making his getaway, the government believes Ray was panicked by a police car and dropped his bundle in the doorway of the Canipe Amusement Company. A moment later, three witnesses inside the building saw a white car, possibly a Mustang, speed away.

The gun had 2 of Ray’s fingerprints

Police were able to recover the rifle along with Ray’s personal items, but by the time they identified Ray, he had left the country.

Two months later, Ray was arrested in London as he tried to board a flight to Brussels.
James Earl Ray eventually pleaded guilty to the murder of Martin Luther King and was sentenced to 99 years in prison.

Just three days after his conviction, Ray announced that he had been pressured into pleading guilty. He said he did not shoot King and was the victim of a conspiracy. He claimed he was a scapegoat and was set up by a mysterious figure named Raoul.

On the surface, James Earl Ray did not seem like the kind of criminal who would commit murder. According to Walter Fauntroy, former chairman of the King Subcommittee, Ray’s crimes were small-time holdups and robberies:

“I find it more difficult today to believe that James Earl Ray, acting alone, pulled off the crime of the century, was able to get out of Memphis, out of the country into Canada, to get three passports and to go all the way to Europe, without help.”

J.C. Hardin: The mastermind?

Almost a year before King was assassinated, Ray escaped from a state prison where he was serving a 20-year sentence for robbing a grocery store. He made his way to Montreal, and using the name Eric Starvo Galt, tried to get a phony ID. Ray said that it was here that he was approached by a shadowy character who called himself Raoul.

According to Jim Lesar, Ray’s former attorney, Ray said when they first met, Raoul was only looking for an accomplice in a smuggling scheme:

“Ray claimed that in exchange for Ray’s agreeing to perform certain tasks, evidently of a criminal nature, one; he was provided with money, and two; he was promised that at some point he would be given identification, a passport, something he needed to get out of the country.”

Ray said he was instructed to smuggle contraband into Detroit from Canada. Ray claimed he was then directed by Raoul to go to Birmingham, Alabama. Dr. William Pepper was another of Ray’s attorneys. He says Raoul was able to get Ray to do whatever he asked by dangling a carrot on string:

“What Raoul did from that point on was to keep James on a string, have him in various points and places, pay him bits of money, have him do various things and really, pretty much, keep him on a string so that he was available, as it turns out, for use any time that they want to use him, always with the promise of these travel documents.”

Ray said that in Birmingham, Raoul gave him $2,000 and told him to buy a car. Seven months before the assassination, Ray did buy a white 1966 Mustang. Over the next several months, Ray said his smuggling jobs with Raoul took him to Mexico, Los Angeles, and then Atlanta. In Atlanta, just five days before the assassination, Raoul gave him his next job. According to Dr. William Pepper, Ray’s attorney, it involved firearms:

“The next bit of activity they were going to be involved with had to do with selling guns.  And the scenario that he developed was one which involved the purchase of, sort of, sample weapons and that he, Raoul, would show to these gun runners.”

Following Raoul’s instructions, Ray said he drove to a gun shop in Birmingham where he purchased a .243 caliber rifle with a telescopic sight. Jim Lesar, Ray’s former attorney, described Ray as a novice with firearms:

The evidence from the people who witnessed the purchase of the rifle in Birmingham is that he didn’t know the first thing about rifles. So he didn’t have the kind of familiarity with firearms that you would expect of somebody who was going to murder someone.”

Ray said Raoul told him to exchange the weapon the next day, giving him specific instructions on what to buy: a Remington model, 760 Gamemaster, pump action.

Ray claimed he gave the Remington rifle to Raoul at a motel in Memphis on April 3rd, the day before the assassination. Ray said that was the last time he saw the rifle, the same one the government concluded was used to kill Martin Luther King.

On April 4, 1968, the day of Martin Luther King’s assassination, James Earl Ray claimed he met Raoul at a local coffee shop. Ray said Raoul told him to go to the rooming house upstairs, rent a room, then await instructions. The boarding house was on Main Street, next door to the Canipe Amusement Company, where the rifle would later be found. The back windows of the boarding house faced Mulberry Street and the Lorraine Motel, where Dr. King was staying.

At 4 p.m., Ray rented a room using an alias, John Willard. Raoul had instructed Ray to bring along an overnight bag so he wouldn’t look suspicious and told him to leave the Mustang parked nearby. What happened over the next hour, no one knows for sure. Ray himself has changed his story several times, but he was always clear that he left the boarding house at around 5 p.m. and never returned.

Ray said that just before 6 p.m., he drove the Mustang to a local service station. Ray claimed that at 6:01, the very moment King was shot, he was driving from the gas station back to the rooming house, unaware of what had happened. Ray’s attorney, Dr. William Pepper, explained why Ray was seen fleeing the scene:

“As he got to the corner of Calhoun and South Main, he saw already that there were police barricades and policemen everywhere. The state makes a great deal out of the fact that James fled the scene, you know. But James was, one must remember, a fugitive. He was on the run and he was certainly not going to hang around wherever he saw police.”

Did James Earl Ray target Dr. King from the window of the rooming house? Dr. William Pepper said it’s unlikely, citing Ray’s apparent lack of skill with firearms:

“In the Army he was trained on an M-1 and he was at the lowest level of ability. The idea of loading by hand a single shot into that 30-ought-six and gambling everything on that one shot makes no sense whatsoever.”

Retired FBI Agent Joe Hester disagreed:

“You have to bear in mind that from the window of the rooming house to the balcony where Dr. King was killed was less than a hundred yards. With the telescopic sight at such a short distance, almost anyone in the world could’ve killed Dr. King.  It really required no great marksmanship whatsoever.”

The official version says that when Ray ran from his room in the boarding house, he was seen by another tenant, Charles Stevens. Jim Lesar says Stevens was a shoddy witness:

“From all accounts, Stephens was so dead drunk that there’s no way of relying upon his testimony about the shot.”

G. Robert Blakey, former chief counsel of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, downplayed Stevens’ role in the investigation:

“In fact, we did not rely on him for eyewitness identification. What we did rely on him for is having sufficient senses to be aware of a loud noise down the hall and in the bathroom and to open the door and see somebody run by.”

William Pepper questioned Stevens’ motives:

“What you have to realize about Charlie Stevens is that he was looking for a reward. He was trying to get the $100,000 reward that had been put up for anyone who could identify the slayer of Dr. King.”

The government report said that Ray ran by the Canipe Amusement Company and dropped his weapon in a panic. But is it believable that any killer, no matter how panicked, would drop a bundle of personal items that could so easily identify him? Ray’s former attorney, Jim Lesar, had serious doubts:

“It strikes many people, myself included, that that looks like a set up, that somebody else gathered that evidence up and planted it there.”

A dusting of the rooming house turned up a number of fingerprints which were never identified. Former FBI agent Joe Hester said that wasn’t unusual:

“I’ve worked any number of cases where you don’t find fingerprints when you think you should. You may find a lot of smudges and smears, but you won’t find a fingerprint that, in itself, is complete enough to make a positive identification.”

The abandoned rifle was found to have two fingerprints belonging to James Earl Ray.
But for some reason, the FBI never conducted a swab test to determine if the rifle had been fired. Retired FBI Agent Joe Hester explained why:

“My recollection is that it had a spent shell that was in the chamber, so common sense would tell you that someone had fired that rifle.”

The FBI also could not match the bullet which killed King with the rifle. All they could say was that the bullet was consistent with that type of rifle. Jim Lesar responds:

“The fact that the bullet markings are consistent with having been from the rifle means absolutely nothing. It was also consistent with several million other rifles of the same kind.”

Former House Select Committee Chief Counsel G. Robert Blakey summed up the case against James Earl Ray:

Ray bought the rifle. The rifle was used to shoot King. He fled the scene. His fingerprints were on it. His explanations for an alibi, his flight, all don’t hold water.”

Even for those who believe Ray’s story, there is still one nagging question: if James Earl Ray is innocent, why would he plead guilty?  Ray claimed that he was coerced by his attorney, who wanted exclusive publishing rights to his story. If Ray had testified in court, his allegations of conspiracy would have become public domain.

The most important element of Ray’s conspiracy story was the man who called himself Raoul. Retired FBI Agent Joe Hester says the agency never found any proof that Raoul actually existed:

“In our investigation to identify Ray and to find out what he did and where and when, we turned up nothing to indicate that there was either a Raoul or any other conspirator involved in this crime.”

Former defense investigator Harold Weisberg has reviewed 60,000 pages of FBI documents on the King assassination.  He says he found references to a mysterious individual named J.C. Hardin:

“When I was going through the files of the Los Angeles FBI office, I found where a man who used the name of J. C. Hardin had called Jimmy from Atlanta. When Jimmy didn’t return the call, so far as we know, Hardin then went out to California and he met with Jimmy. This is a confirmed story in the FBI’s records.”

Is it possible that J.C. Hardin, who visited Ray three weeks before the assassination, was the mysterious Raoul? In 1968, the FBI pursued the lead long enough to create a sketch of J.C. Hardin. It was based on a description given by the manager of the St. Francis Hotel. But after James Earl Ray was arrested, the FBI dropped their investigation of Hardin. Congressman Walter Fauntroy, former chairman of the King Subcommittee, said the name Hardin never came up during the hearings:

“We knew nothing about Hardin. I’d like to find Mr. Hardin. That may lead us to a different conclusion.”

James Earl Ray refused to say whether J.C. Hardin and Raoul were the same person.
In 1998, Ray died of liver failure, taking the true story of his involvement in the King assassination to his grave. But the speculation continues…

Dr. William Pepper:

“There’s no way that James Earl Ray is a lone assassin. James Earl Ray is the classic patsy.” 

G. Robert Blakey:

“Will we ever know? The answer is no. We won’t know because the FBI in 1968 didn’t conduct an adequate conspiracy investigation. And that’s one of the tragedies in Dr. King’s death. He did not get in his death an investigation commensurate with the dignity of his life. Had he gotten it, many of the unanswered questions about his death would have answers today.”

Watch this case now on Amazon Prime in season five with Robert Stack and in season one with Dennis Farina. Also available on YouTube with Dennis Farina. Various seasons available now on Hulu.




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    I’ve never bought a gun and in come in a different brand of gun box?


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    The Real Slim Shady

    For obvious reasons, I won’t be divulging my identity, but what I will divulge is that this Raoul person, is the same Raoul mentioned in various writings about the JFK Assassination Conspiracy and the possibility of him being the orchestrator of Lee Harvey Oswald as a patsy as well. Why do you think after his name was mentioned a second time, in the Dr. King assassination, that the government chose to use a “manchurian candidate” to assassinate RFK? And yes I am talking about Sirhan. Believe me when I say, the 60’s was rife with government corruption. If you don’t believe me, I will give you one of the exact reasons that JFK was assassinated by the government. It is called Operation Northwoods, and his rejection of it. Sleep well America.


  3. Avatar


    That Was Crazy!


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  5. Avatar

    Austin Brock Miner

    This is a sad story about Mr. King


  6. Avatar

    Sam Fraser

    The King family and others believe that the assassination was carried out by a conspiracy involving the U.S. government as alleged by Loyd Jowers in 1993, and that Ray was a scapegoat. In 1999, the King family filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Jowers for the sum of $10,000,000. During the trial, both the family and Jowers presented evidence alleging a government conspiracy. The government agencies accused could not defend themselves or respond because they were not named as defendants. Based on the evidence, the jury concluded that Jowers and “others were part of a conspiracy to kill King.”


  7. Avatar


    It has been solved. The civil trial in 1999 proved the conspiracy, though some specific agents of the government were not named. Read the transcripts posted by the King Center or the summary accounts by the one reporter who attended the trial, Jim Douglass of Probe magazine (at ratical.org). A major local (Memphis) participant, Loyd Jowers, confessed to Sam Donaldson in “Prime Time Live”.


  8. Avatar


    Martin Luther King assassination was a sad day for America. What could have been…MLK could have been President someday. It was a strange place for an assassination on the hotel terrace. There was probably several MLK aides and friends who could have been killed. Definitely someone with inside knowledge. A hotel employee or in law enforcement knowing of King’s time in Memphis. James Earl Ray was somehow involved in the conspiracy but I don’t think he shot MLK. Remember he was on the run from the police. The last thing he wanted to do was get into a high profile murder. This case might be solved as the real killer would be in his late 70’s or 80’s now. Maybe in fragile health. He might tell someone about his involvement in the King crime. This would be a great case for CRMJ students or amateur sleuths to work with fresh eyes and a strong spirit for justice.


  9. Avatar

    Angel Stewart

    This story that James is talking about is the exact way that they caught some other people in Canada not too long ago. Check it out. It seems to be very interesting that they would catch these kids in the same way that James said that he got caught up in all of this. Okay, well, here are the names of the kids that were told the exact same thing. Please, please, check this out. Sebastian Burns, Atif Rafay. They have video of them telling the kids the same thing that James says that happened to him. Wow, this is crazy, huh? Please let me know what you find. I am sure that you will see what I see.


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CMP implements commercially reasonable security measures to help protect against unauthorized access to or unauthorized alteration, disclosure, or destruction of data. Except for membership directories, membership lists and registration lists, and the sharing of information as set forth in this Privacy Policy, we restrict access to Personal Data to certain companies who need the data to operate, develop, or improve our services. These individuals or partner organizations are bound by confidentiality obligations and may be subject to discipline, including termination and criminal prosecution, if they fail to meet these obligations.


Unfortunately, no data transmission over the Internet or electronic storage is fully secure. Accordingly, and despite our reasonable efforts to protect your Personal Data from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure, CMP cannot guarantee or warrant the security of the Personal Data you transmit to us, or to or from our online Sites. If you have questions about this Privacy Policy, please contact us.


Certain areas of the Sites require the use of a user ID, email address, or password as an additional security measure that helps protect your Personal Data.  To help you protect your privacy, these Sites have tools to help you log in and log out.


We rely on you to update and correct your Personal Data.  If you are a user of our Sites, subscriber to [CMP product], purchaser of CMP products and services, you can review, update and correct your information directly on CMP’s website or by contacting us using the information in the “Contact Information” section below.


Typically, we retain your Personal Data for the period necessary to fulfill the purposes outlined in this Privacy Policy, unless a longer retention period is required or permitted by law.  This may include retaining your Personal Data indefinitely, even after you are no longer a CMP member, in order to provide you with future marketing opportunities and other purposes, as well as to comply with our legal obligations, resolve disputes, or enforce any of our agreements.  


Please note that you can request, at any time, that we delete your Personal Data.  All requests must be directed to the contact in the “Contact Information” section below.  We can decide to delete your Personal Data if we believe that the data is incomplete, inaccurate, or that our continued use and storage are contrary to our obligations to other members, individuals, or third parties.  When we delete your Personal Data, it will be removed from our active databases or anonymized so that the data is no longer identified with you, but the data may remain in our archives if CMP determines that it is not practical or possible to delete it.

Your Personal Data is processed in the United States, where privacy laws may be less stringent than the laws in your country and where the government, courts, or law enforcement may be able to access your data.  By submitting your Personal Data to us, you agree to the transfer, storage and processing of your Personal Data in the United States.

You, as the data subject, have the right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority, in particular in the Member State of your habitual residence, place of work, or place of the alleged infringement, if you believe that the processing of your personal data does not comply with legal requirements.

In the event we determine the occurrence of a data security incident, we will notify you by email, US mail, telephone, or other means as permitted by law.

If you have questions, comments, or complaints concerning our privacy practices or if you wish to change, access, or remove your Personal Data, please contact us as indicated below.  We will attempt, where practical, to respond to your requests and to provide you with additional privacy related information.

Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. is the owner of this Website and retains all ownership rights to the information collected at this Website. Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. reserves the right to change, modify, add, or remove provisions of this Privacy Statement. Any changes to this Privacy Statement will be posted here, and we encourage you to check back from time to time. In addition, Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. will notify registered users of changes as they occur.

We allow third-party companies to serve ads and/or collect certain anonymous information when you visit our web site. These companies may use non-personally identifiable information (e.g., click stream information, browser type, time and date, subject of advertisements clicked or scrolled over) during your visits to this and other Web sites in order to provide advertisements about goods and services likely to be of greater interest to you. These companies typically use a cookie or third party web beacon to collect this information. To learn more about this behavioral advertising practice or to opt-out of this type of advertising, you can visit networkadvertising.org. Your use of the site constitutes your agreement to accept cookies, beacons and third-party advertising. Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. assumes no responsibility for third-party ads.

ARTICLE 1. Personalization
1.1 We may use the contact information you give us to better tailor your Website experience to your interests, and to send you information about Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. and its services as well as promotional material on behalf of some of our partners. We may use other information that you provide to us to show you content in which you may be interested and to display the content according to your preferences. We will also share this information within Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. in order to enhance your experience on this and other Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. Websites.
1.2 In addition, we may share this information with advertisers or other third parties that are not part of the Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. family on an aggregate or other basis that does not disclose your identity or contact information.

ARTICLE 2. Online Surveys/Contests
2.1 From time to time, we may conduct online surveys and contests. These may ask you for contact information (like name or email address) and demographic information (like zip code or age).
2.2 We may use this contact information from our surveys and contests to provide you with information about our company and promotional material on behalf of some of our partners, and to contact you when necessary.

ARTICLE 3. Shopping/Commercial Services
3.1 This Website may offer shopping services, which may be offered by us or by a firm that operates a store under contract with us. If our Website offers shopping or other commercial services, you will use a customer order form to request information, products, and services. The order form will ask you to give us contact information (like name or email address), financial information (like account or credit card numbers), and demographic information (like zip code or age).

3.2 We will use the financial information that you provide to bill you for products and services. By giving our Website your credit card and related personal information, you are authorizing our store to give that information to the merchant and credit card company in order to confirm and fulfill your order.

3.3 We will use contact information from the order form to fulfill your orders. We may also use contact data to get in touch with you when necessary. We will not otherwise use or distribute your financial information without your prior approval.

ARTICLE 4. Public forums
4.1 This Website may make available chat rooms, blogs, forums, message boards, and news groups. Please remember that any information that you disclose in these areas becomes public information and you should exercise caution when deciding to disclose your personal information. Information disclosed by you or by others enters the public domain and may be freely used by any other persons or entities using the site.

ARTICLE 5. Information Sharing With Third Parties
5.1 From time to time we may enter into a special relationship with another company that is not owned by Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. to provide additional features at this Website. These special relationships may include “powered by” partners, business partners, sponsors, and co-branded sites (referred to here as “co-branded pages”). These might include, for example, pages that share our name and that of another entity. You should look for a specific privacy statement on any such co-branded page. Any personal information that you provide when signing up at one of those co-branded pages may be shared with our third party partner. You should also check our partner’s website for information regarding its privacy policies.

5.2 Also, the nature of some features of our Website may require that we share personal information about you with persons or companies outside of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. For example, this may occur at a feature that enables you, via our Website, to ask questions of persons or entities that are not part of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. By responding to those features of the site, whether by email or direct entry of information on our Website, you are consenting to our transferring that information to such persons or entities.

5.3 With respect to specific registration modules, like contests, we may disclose personal information collected, and we may post a conspicuous statement on the registration module to the effect that we will be disclosing the information collected with third parties.

5.4 Finally, we may share any of the information collected from you with these other non- Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc companies in an aggregate basis. The aggregated information is not linked to any information that can identify you.

ARTICLE 6. IP Address and Log Files
6.1 We may use your IP address to administer our Website, to help diagnose problems with our server, to analyze trends, to track users’ webpage movements, to help identify you and your shopping cart, and to gather broad demographic information for aggregate use.

ARTICLE 7. Cookies
7.1 This Website may use a standard technology called a “cookie” to collect information about how you use the Website. Cookies reside on your computer and help our Website to recognize your computer’s browser as a previous visitor. This information allows us to customize delivery of information. For example, our Website may use cookies to save and remember registration information or preferences that you may have set while browsing the Website, to keep track of your shopping cart, to ensure you don’t see the same ad content repeatedly, to deliver content specific to your interests, and to save your password so you do not have to re-enter it each time you visit our site. We use cookies only to gather information as indicated in this policy.

7.2 In addition, on occasion our site may also set a “session cookie” which helps us administer the Website. The session cookie expires when you close your browser and does not retain any information about you after it expires.

7.3 Finally, we may also use an ad network provider to help present advertisements on this and other Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. websites. This ad network provider, like other advertising service vendors, uses cookies, web beacons, or similar technologies on the hard drive of your computer to serve you advertisements tailored to interests you have shown by browsing on this and other sites you have visited, and to determine whether you have seen a particular advertisement before and to avoid sending you duplicate advertisements. In doing so, the provider collects non-personal data such as your browser type, your operating system, web pages visited, time of visits, content viewed, ads viewed, and other clickstream data. The use of cookies, web beacons, or similar technologies by these ad network providers is subject to their own privacy policies, not ours, and Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. assumes no responsibility for the collection or use of such information.

ARTICLE 8. Banner Advertising
8.1 We have contracted with an ad-service to place banner advertising on our Website. All of the data provided and generated by the ad-server software remains in our possession. This feature of our Website may, on occasion, set “cookies” on your computer. Any information collected or stored by the ad-service or the cookies is treated in the same manner as other information described in this statement.

ARTICLE 9. Children’s Personal Information
9.1 Consistent with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act:

9.1.1 This site does NOT collect, use, or disclose personal information (including online contact information) of children under the age of thirteen (13).

9.1.2 In the event that a child under the age of 13 attempts to register on our site, we will NOT accept the registration and will delete information received from the child.

9.1.3 In the event that a child posts personal information in a public forum such as a chat room, we will attempt to delete that information once we become aware of it.

ARTICLE 10. Security of Your Personal Information
10.1 Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. employs reasonable security measures consistent with standard industry practice, for information collected through this Website. We believe that we have adequate security measures in place in our physical facilities to protect against the loss, misuse, or alteration of the information we collect on our Website. We also use internal protections to limit access to users’ personal information to only those employees who need the information to perform a specific job.

ARTICLE 11. Sale or Merger
11.1 If this Website is sold to, or merges with, another company not owned by Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc., you should expect that some or all of the information collected from this Website may be transferred to the buyer/surviving company. If so, CMP will seek to obligate the acquiring company to use any personal information transferred by this Website in a manner consistent with this statement, but cannot guarantee that it will be able to impose that requirement or that the acquiring company will comply.

ARTICLE 12. Legal Process
12.1 You should be aware that Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. may be required to disclose your personal information to the government or third parties under certain circumstances, such as in court or regulatory proceedings.

ARTICLE 13.  Contacting the Website

13.1        If you have any questions about this Privacy Statement, the practices of this Website, or your dealings with this Website, please contact us at: unsolved@unsolved.com.

ARTICLE 14.  general information

14.1        Choice of Law:  This Agreement and the Additional Terms shall be governed by, construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of California , as it is applied to agreements entered into and to be performed entirely within such state, without regard to conflict of law principles.

14.2        Choice of Forum:  You agree that any cause of action you or Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. brings to enforce this Agreement and/or the Additional Terms, or in connection with any matters related to this Website and/or the Privacy Statement, shall be submitted to arbitration in the County of Los Angeles, State of California, United States of America in accordance with the commercial rules and regulations of the American Arbitration Association then in effect (as amended herein), provided that said arbitration shall be heard before a single arbitrator, who shall be a retired judge, selected pursuant to such rules and regulations, and shall be conducted on an expedited basis and in confidence. The arbitrator’s decision shall be controlled by the terms and conditions of this agreement and any other agreements I may enter into with you, and shall be final and binding, and shall provide for each party to bear its own costs of arbitration and attorneys’ fees.  Each party expressly waives any right to a jury.  Judgment upon the award of the arbitrator may be entered or enforced in any court of competent jurisdiction. 

14.4        If any provision of this Agreement, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid or for any reason unenforceable then such provision shall be deemed superseded by a valid, enforceable provision that matches, as closely as possible, the original provision, and the other provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect.  The failure of either party to insist upon strict performance of any provision of this Agreement shall not be construed as a waiver of any provision or right.  Unless expressly provided otherwise, this Agreement is the entire agreement between you and Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. with respect to the use of this Website and shall not be modified except in writing, signed by an authorized representative of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc.

ARTICLE 15.  European Union and Other Foreign Nations

15.1        This Website is governed by and operated in accordance with the laws of United States of America and is intended for enjoyment of residents of the United States.  Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. makes no representation that this Website is governed by or operated in accordance with the laws of other nations.  By using this Website and submitting any personal information, visitors from outside of the United States acknowledge this Website is subject to U.S. law, consent to the transfer of personal data to the U.S., and waive any claims that may arise under their own national laws.