Did convicted Son of Sam killer David Berkowitz act alone?

David Berkowitz, “Son of Sam”

Six people in New York City were killed

CASE DETAILS

Did Berkowitz act alone?

In 1977, the country breathed a sigh of relief when police finally captured the serial killer called “Son of Sam.” David Berkowitz confessed to killing six people in New York City and injuring seven others. But now, reporter Maury Terry has convincing evidence that there may have been others involved.

Son of Sam’s reign of terror began on July 29th, 1976. Two young girls were shot with a .44. One died. A composite sketch of the gunman was created from the survivor’s eyewitness description.

Three months later, a man from Queens was shot in the head with a .44 caliber gun. A month after that, again in Queens, a man appeared from nowhere and shot two girls. Both survived, but one was left paralyzed and was confined to a wheelchair for the rest of her life. Eyewitnesses helped police create a new composite of the gunman.

Six months later, two other women were killed in separate shootings. Again, a .44 caliber revolver was used. Eyewitnesses helped create two new sketches of the killer. However, these sketches didn’t look anything like the earlier drawings.

The letter was signed with a satanic symbol

Almost nine months after the first murder, there was another shooting just three blocks from the scene of the first attack. This time, a hand printed letter was left by the killer. It read, in part: “I am a monster … I am the Son of Sam.  I’m a little brat.” According to retired NYPD Detective Henry P. Cinotti, the city was paralyzed with fear:

“The people in the local neighborhoods, particularly in the Bronx, were petrified. I remember people yelling to people in the street, ‘Get in, that nut’s out there.” And this is in early afternoon.”

On Memorial Day, “Son of Sam” sent another letter, this one to columnist Jimmy Breslin. It was written in the same distinctive style and contained references to Satanism.

Finally, in late July, Son of Sam struck for the last time. Stacy Moskowitz was killed, her date Robert Violante was partially blinded. Nineteen-year-old Tommy Zaino witnessed the shooting:

“That guy came over to the car and blew those people away in less than four seconds.” 

Can the attacks be attributed to a cult?

Tommy helped police with yet another composite. Again, there were more differences than similarities when compared to the earlier sketches.

As the police were investigating the most recent murder, they found that a car near the crime scene had been issued a parking ticket. The Ford Galaxy was owned by a postal worker named David Berkowitz. The police traced the ticket to Berkowitz’s home. As they approached his building, they saw the Ford Galaxy. Inside the car, they found a duffel bag with a rifle sticking out of it and a letter signed by “Son of Sam.”

The police staked out the area. Later that evening, Berkowitz walked towards his car carrying a brown paper bag. Inside was a .44 caliber revolver. As detectives moved in to arrest him, Berkowitz sat quietly in his car.

David Berkowitz confessed to all the shootings. He told police that his neighbor’s barking dog had told him to commit the murders. He pleaded guilty to all the charges and was sentenced to 25 years to life. But to author Maury Terry, his confession seemed too convenient:

“After the arrest of Berkowitz, just through fate or whatever, I started poking around into the case because I had some suspicions that maybe there was more to it than the public was being led to believe.”

Maury Terry suspected that Berkowitz didn’t act alone, but that he was part of a gang of killers. It was Stacy Moskowitz’s murder that first made Maury suspicious:

“The very early reports on the Moskowitz killing had me concerned. David Berkowitz’s features were widely different from the sketches of the killer that had been done by the police artist. I started seeking out witnesses and found Tommy Zaino, who was a key witness to the shooting.”

According to Tommy, he and his girlfriend were parked in front of Stacy Moskowitz and her boyfriend on the night of the murder:

“I was looking in the mirror of the car and I noticed somebody standing in the park. What I saw was that he had long hair and it’s hard to really see the face, but he was thin. He looked like he was in pretty good shape. He walked up to the car as if he was going to get in the car, and then he went into a stance and he shot. And that was it. He turned around and ran. I can’t picture Berkowitz running like that. That’s the thing that confused me after they caught him. In a week, he can’t get that fat. And that’s all I can say. He didn’t look like the type of guy to run and do that.”

In the neighborhood where the last killing took place, Stacy and her boyfriend were parked near the entrance to a city park two blocks away from where Berkowitz’s Ford Galax got the parking ticket. Maury says the events leading up to the shooting began at the entrance to the park at about 1 AM. Witnesses saw a yellow Volkswagen pull up. Two men got out. By 1:30 AM, Tommy Zaino was sitting in his car. He noticed the yellow VW pass by more than once. At 2:05 AM, the parking ticket was put on Berkowitz’s Ford. Cecelia Davis, a woman who lived in the neighborhood, pulled up in a friend’s car near the Ford Galaxy:

“We were triple parked and I was looking back in case a car came up. I saw the guy take the summons off his windshield and keep on looking, watching the cops as they still gave tickets. Then he got in the car and he came behind us. He couldn’t pass because we were blocking the whole street. And he blew the horn at us. I gave him a dirty look. What’s the big rush in the middle of the night?”

Cecelia says the man was definitely David Berkowitz. He drove up Bay 17th Street and turned right on Bath, following the police. Maury Terry believed that these are not the actions of an illusive, armed killer:

“The fact that David Berkowitz pulled up behind Mrs. Davis and her date as he did, with the police car still on the block or just pulling off the block, blaring his horn, he would not be doing something like that if he is the elusive, ingenious Son of Sam carrying that .44 bulldog in his car.”

Fifteen minutes after the parking ticket was issued, Stacy and Robert went for a stroll in the park. They noticed a man standing next to a restroom, watching them. Two blocks away, Cecelia was walking her dog by her apartment. She saw David Berkowitz, the man who had honked earlier, walking straight towards her. Cecilia says that about one minute later she heard the gunshots that killed Stacy Moskowitz and almost blinded Robert Violante. How could Berkowitz have traveled from where Cecelia last saw him, to where Stacy and Robert were shot, in just one minute? It takes at least two and a half minutes to quickly walk the two blocks from Bay 17th Street to the park.

Just 15 seconds after the shooting, witnesses saw a man wearing a light colored wig run from the park, get into a yellow Volkswagen, and speed up 17th Avenue. He was in such a hurry that he ran a red light and almost hit another car.

Maury Terry believes that at least three people, including Berkowitz, were involved in Stacy’s murder. He claims they were members of a satanic cult and were responsible for every one of the “Son of Sam” shootings. According to Maury:

David Berkowitz was selected to be the fall guy on the Son of Sam killings. He was not a willing fall guy, he wanted it to be another way. But Berkowitz knew that he had been involved in all of the shootings. He has pulled the trigger definitely two times, responsible for three murders. He’s not an innocent man and was on the scene of all the others, as a lookout, a wheel man, whatever.”

Several of the people involved in the Son of Sam case backed up Maury’s account. Witness Tommy Zaino:

“I didn’t think it was David Berkowitz then and I don’t think it’s him now.”

NYPD Det. Henry Cinotti:

“It’s a strong opinion of mine that David Berkowitz was not the sole killer and was aided by other accomplices.”

John Santucci, Dist. Attorney of Queens County:

“I had a statement made to me by someone who allegedly spoke to David Berkowitz, wherein David Berkowitz is supposed to have stated that others were involved.”

Maury says that cryptic references in one of the Son of Sam letters support his theory.   One phrase that raised his suspicions was: “John Wheaties … Rapist and Suffocator of Young Girls”. Another was “Wicked King Wicker.” Maury views them as clues that help identify an accomplice of David Berkowitz.

Berkowitz lived in a seventh floor apartment in Yonkers. Down the hill was a street named “Wicker.” Could this be the “King Wicker” mentioned in the Breslin letter?  According to Maury Terry, Wicker Street was near the home of another character mentioned in the letter — John “Wheaties”:

“I learned that the ‘John Wheaties, rapist and suffocator,’ alias of the killer in the Breslin letter, was not really an alias at all, but it was the name of a real person. That person was John Carr, who was the real-life son of Sam Carr.  John Carr’s nickname was Wheaties. And I learned this within a day of the arrest.”

Maury Terry believes that there is a resemblance between two composite drawings of the .44 caliber killer and John Carr. Maury tracked down Carr to North Dakota, where he worked as a mechanic at a local Air Force base. He lived there during the mid-70’s, but often visited New York during the time of the “Son of Sam” attacks. Ex-Lieutenant Terry Gardner, of the Ward County, North Dakota Sheriff’s Department, said he was aware of Carr:

“From my experience, he was a mixed-up drug addict. He was hanging around with the group of people that were on the other side of the law all the time. John Carr, many, many months before Berkowitz was ever arrested, had talked about his friend Berky to his friends out in Minot, North Dakota. John Carr was a friend of, a confidant of, and an associate of David Berkowitz.”

Just six months after Berkowitz was arrested, John Carr was found dead in his girlfriend’s apartment.  Officer Gardner interviewed her:

“During my first interview with his live-in girlfriend at the time, she told me that he must have just taken his own life. The next day, same person, new interview, whole new story;  ‘John Carr had to have been murdered.  He was wanted by the police in New York for the Son of Sam killings.  He was afraid for his life and I fully believe that John Carr was murdered.’”

Maury Terry said John Carr was involved in satanic rituals:

“Through interviews with Carr’s friends and police officials in North Dakota, the picture emerged that John Carr was heavily involved in satanic cult activity, both in Minot, North Dakota, and in Westchester County, New York, where he spent part of his time. It involved blood drinking, urine drinking, the ritualistic sacrifice of animals, specifically German Shepherds.”

The Satanic symbol found on the Breslin letter was also found written on Carr’s phone book. One of Carr’s acquaintances was man named Phil Falcon. According to Maury Terry, Falcon claimed he accidentally walked in on Carr and a friend performing a satanic ritual:

“Phil Falcon told us that he walked into his own house one night in North Dakota and found John Carr and another friend of Carr’s part of the circle, in the act of ritualistically sacrificing an animal right in Falcon’s house. And Phil Falcon also told us that John Carr belonged to a very, very violent satanic cult.”

Prison sources who knew Berkowitz told Maury Terry that Berkowitz had been introduced to the cult by John Carr’s brother, Michael, in the 70’s. According to Maury Terry:

“Michael Carr ended up inviting Berkowitz to attend what he called ‘a floating coven party’.  And Berkowitz came in and attended the party and symbolically, not literally, but symbolically, the .44 was put into his hand that night. That’s how he got into the cult scene.”

More than two years after Berkowitz was arrested, Michael Carr was killed in a car accident on a New York highway. He died just eighteen months after his brother.

Berkowitz admitted during two different court depositions that he knew both John and Michael Carr and that they were part of a satanic cult. And, he said the brothers were killed to keep them from talking. Maury Terry believes that the deaths of the Carr brothers may have been organized by the “22 disciples of Hell” mentioned in the Breslin letter. Maury also says this satanic group performed their rituals in a local park that was just one mile from Berkowitz’s apartment:

“I got a call from a young boy in Yonkers, a 15-year old high school sophomore, wanted to know if I knew that there was a satanic cult that was meeting in Untermyer Park in Yonkers and killing dogs. And so I met him down there, he showed me where the cult was meeting. We saw all the satanic graffiti. Saw the remains of probably two or three German Shepherds. It was a very significant development in the case.”

Was a satanic group responsible for the Son of Sam attacks? Berkowitz himself seems to support the theory.  He ended one of his letters to the media by stating;

“There are other Sons out there — God help the world.”


Watch this case now on Amazon Prime in season one with Robert Stack and season four with Dennis Farina. Also available on YouTube with Dennis Farina. Various seasons available now on Hulu.

13 Comments

  1. Johnny

    It’s now been 40 years ago this August that they apprehended the Son Of Sam killer David Berkowitz. Good work by the NYPD and detectives capturing David. He would have never stopped killing. The Bundy and Son Of Sam killings ushered in criminal profiling and forensic psychology to solve these serial type crimes. I’ve seen some videos of Berkowitz and he appears more at ease and talkative. He’s a believer in Christ and ministers to other inmates. There was more than 1 shooter if you see the differing composite witness drawings. Hope some of the living victims are healed over the years and living good lives.

    Reply

  2. DaughterOfNick

    I know for a fact that Berkowitz knew the Carr brothers.
    My father was stationed at Minot AFB.
    He and his buddies went out to a local dealer’s house to pick up some marijuana.
    My father and his friends entered the house to get the dope. This was John Carr’s house.
    He stated that the entire encounter so so bizarre.
    As they were getting what they came for he couldn’t help but wonder who the “weird” guy in the rocking chair was.
    The man sat silently, just rocking back and forth. The room so quiet at one point all that could be heard was the rocking of the chair.
    The man never said a word. Just stared at them while rocking back and forth, back and forth.
    When they left the house my father asked one of his buddies about the guy in the chair. He was told that is was John’s friend Berky.
    Not much was thought of that night until the Son of Sam Killer was arrested in New York.
    As soon as my father saw him on the news his mouth dropped. That was the “weird” guy in the rocking chair at John’s house in Minot, North Dakota.
    My father had stared David Berkowitz in the eyes and was one the wiser.
    Not too long after Berkowitz was arrested John was found dead. While suspicious, they were told it was suicide. A year or so later Michael Carr was killed in an automobile accident, also suspicious.
    I don’t know if John and Michael were involved in the killings, but I do know they were acquainted with Berkowitz during the time of the murders.

    Reply

  3. Anonymous

    Rap Music is murder !

    Reply

  4. Gwen

    There are Son of Sam connections in North Dakota Bismarck and Minot maybe more. There was a cave out by University of Mary they used for satanic rituals it has since been dynamited by police. There was a young girl who was a Christian from a Young Life group in Bismarck she tried to convert some of them, when she left for California to go to college they killed her in a chapel on the campus.

    Reply

  5. Curious cat

    I was at Untermeyer park with my family today.
    Beautiful grounds but me a couple weeks f people who wanted to tell us that this place was magical and they needed to go back to reminisce
    One older lady – note I’m 52 – had a Florida hat and was by herself and had lived about a mile away growing up.

    Another told us the place has a lot memories including the “Birds Nest”

    Another went straight to Son of Sam

    All in all they said the park was great for juvenile partying etc since y.ut was abandoned back then
    A lot strange things happened

    This is when I found out about Son of Adam cult activity at this park

    It is a beautiful place
    I grew up with mom being scared of being killed and having by A certain haircut

    Perhaps the authorities should reopen this case
    Or they can’t ???????

    Reply

  6. Nicole

    Did this pass on to generation like the 80’s & early 90’s?

    Reply

  7. jlynnesrevenge

    I was there but the police won’t listen to what I have to say.

    Reply

    • Diana

      Maury Terry listened to Tommy Zaino. Did you ever try and talk to him?

      Reply

    • April

      @jlynnesrevenge I met David Berquowitz when I was 18 while visiting someone in prison. It was all very strange. He had a bible in his hand and was very shy. Now, I am 35 writing an article on satanic cults. If you wouldn’t mind, I would like to know your story as I read that you were involved and are seeking justice and that the police won’t listen. Well, I will listen. I’m not sure if this will help, but maybe in some way it can. If you would like to share your story with me, please respond here. Thank you, April.

      Reply

  8. Kevin young

    their are and always will be more sam’s out there.

    Reply

  9. Anonymous

    i still think berkowitz knows who did all the killings

    Reply

  10. rob main

    if any body else is involved with the killings please keep me uptodate. thank you

    Reply

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HOW WE PROTECT PERSONAL DATA

CMP implements commercially reasonable security measures to help protect against unauthorized access to or unauthorized alteration, disclosure, or destruction of data. Except for membership directories, membership lists and registration lists, and the sharing of information as set forth in this Privacy Policy, we restrict access to Personal Data to certain companies who need the data to operate, develop, or improve our services. These individuals or partner organizations are bound by confidentiality obligations and may be subject to discipline, including termination and criminal prosecution, if they fail to meet these obligations.

 

Unfortunately, no data transmission over the Internet or electronic storage is fully secure. Accordingly, and despite our reasonable efforts to protect your Personal Data from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure, CMP cannot guarantee or warrant the security of the Personal Data you transmit to us, or to or from our online Sites. If you have questions about this Privacy Policy, please contact us.

 

Certain areas of the Sites require the use of a user ID, email address, or password as an additional security measure that helps protect your Personal Data.  To help you protect your privacy, these Sites have tools to help you log in and log out.

ACCESSING, CHANGING AND DELETING PERSONAL INFORMATION

We rely on you to update and correct your Personal Data.  If you are a user of our Sites, subscriber to [CMP product], purchaser of CMP products and services, you can review, update and correct your information directly on CMP’s website or by contacting us using the information in the “Contact Information” section below.

 

Typically, we retain your Personal Data for the period necessary to fulfill the purposes outlined in this Privacy Policy, unless a longer retention period is required or permitted by law.  This may include retaining your Personal Data indefinitely, even after you are no longer a CMP member, in order to provide you with future marketing opportunities and other purposes, as well as to comply with our legal obligations, resolve disputes, or enforce any of our agreements.  

 

Please note that you can request, at any time, that we delete your Personal Data.  All requests must be directed to the contact in the “Contact Information” section below.  We can decide to delete your Personal Data if we believe that the data is incomplete, inaccurate, or that our continued use and storage are contrary to our obligations to other members, individuals, or third parties.  When we delete your Personal Data, it will be removed from our active databases or anonymized so that the data is no longer identified with you, but the data may remain in our archives if CMP determines that it is not practical or possible to delete it.

Your Personal Data is processed in the United States, where privacy laws may be less stringent than the laws in your country and where the government, courts, or law enforcement may be able to access your data.  By submitting your Personal Data to us, you agree to the transfer, storage and processing of your Personal Data in the United States.

You, as the data subject, have the right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority, in particular in the Member State of your habitual residence, place of work, or place of the alleged infringement, if you believe that the processing of your personal data does not comply with legal requirements.

In the event we determine the occurrence of a data security incident, we will notify you by email, US mail, telephone, or other means as permitted by law.

If you have questions, comments, or complaints concerning our privacy practices or if you wish to change, access, or remove your Personal Data, please contact us as indicated below.  We will attempt, where practical, to respond to your requests and to provide you with additional privacy related information.

Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. is the owner of this Website and retains all ownership rights to the information collected at this Website. Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. reserves the right to change, modify, add, or remove provisions of this Privacy Statement. Any changes to this Privacy Statement will be posted here, and we encourage you to check back from time to time. In addition, Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. will notify registered users of changes as they occur.

We allow third-party companies to serve ads and/or collect certain anonymous information when you visit our web site. These companies may use non-personally identifiable information (e.g., click stream information, browser type, time and date, subject of advertisements clicked or scrolled over) during your visits to this and other Web sites in order to provide advertisements about goods and services likely to be of greater interest to you. These companies typically use a cookie or third party web beacon to collect this information. To learn more about this behavioral advertising practice or to opt-out of this type of advertising, you can visit networkadvertising.org. Your use of the site constitutes your agreement to accept cookies, beacons and third-party advertising. Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. assumes no responsibility for third-party ads.

ARTICLE 1. Personalization
1.1 We may use the contact information you give us to better tailor your Website experience to your interests, and to send you information about Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. and its services as well as promotional material on behalf of some of our partners. We may use other information that you provide to us to show you content in which you may be interested and to display the content according to your preferences. We will also share this information within Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. in order to enhance your experience on this and other Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. Websites.
1.2 In addition, we may share this information with advertisers or other third parties that are not part of the Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. family on an aggregate or other basis that does not disclose your identity or contact information.

ARTICLE 2. Online Surveys/Contests
2.1 From time to time, we may conduct online surveys and contests. These may ask you for contact information (like name or email address) and demographic information (like zip code or age).
2.2 We may use this contact information from our surveys and contests to provide you with information about our company and promotional material on behalf of some of our partners, and to contact you when necessary.

ARTICLE 3. Shopping/Commercial Services
3.1 This Website may offer shopping services, which may be offered by us or by a firm that operates a store under contract with us. If our Website offers shopping or other commercial services, you will use a customer order form to request information, products, and services. The order form will ask you to give us contact information (like name or email address), financial information (like account or credit card numbers), and demographic information (like zip code or age).

3.2 We will use the financial information that you provide to bill you for products and services. By giving our Website your credit card and related personal information, you are authorizing our store to give that information to the merchant and credit card company in order to confirm and fulfill your order.

3.3 We will use contact information from the order form to fulfill your orders. We may also use contact data to get in touch with you when necessary. We will not otherwise use or distribute your financial information without your prior approval.

ARTICLE 4. Public forums
4.1 This Website may make available chat rooms, blogs, forums, message boards, and news groups. Please remember that any information that you disclose in these areas becomes public information and you should exercise caution when deciding to disclose your personal information. Information disclosed by you or by others enters the public domain and may be freely used by any other persons or entities using the site.

ARTICLE 5. Information Sharing With Third Parties
5.1 From time to time we may enter into a special relationship with another company that is not owned by Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. to provide additional features at this Website. These special relationships may include “powered by” partners, business partners, sponsors, and co-branded sites (referred to here as “co-branded pages”). These might include, for example, pages that share our name and that of another entity. You should look for a specific privacy statement on any such co-branded page. Any personal information that you provide when signing up at one of those co-branded pages may be shared with our third party partner. You should also check our partner’s website for information regarding its privacy policies.

5.2 Also, the nature of some features of our Website may require that we share personal information about you with persons or companies outside of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. For example, this may occur at a feature that enables you, via our Website, to ask questions of persons or entities that are not part of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. By responding to those features of the site, whether by email or direct entry of information on our Website, you are consenting to our transferring that information to such persons or entities.

5.3 With respect to specific registration modules, like contests, we may disclose personal information collected, and we may post a conspicuous statement on the registration module to the effect that we will be disclosing the information collected with third parties.

5.4 Finally, we may share any of the information collected from you with these other non- Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc companies in an aggregate basis. The aggregated information is not linked to any information that can identify you.

ARTICLE 6. IP Address and Log Files
6.1 We may use your IP address to administer our Website, to help diagnose problems with our server, to analyze trends, to track users’ webpage movements, to help identify you and your shopping cart, and to gather broad demographic information for aggregate use.

ARTICLE 7. Cookies
7.1 This Website may use a standard technology called a “cookie” to collect information about how you use the Website. Cookies reside on your computer and help our Website to recognize your computer’s browser as a previous visitor. This information allows us to customize delivery of information. For example, our Website may use cookies to save and remember registration information or preferences that you may have set while browsing the Website, to keep track of your shopping cart, to ensure you don’t see the same ad content repeatedly, to deliver content specific to your interests, and to save your password so you do not have to re-enter it each time you visit our site. We use cookies only to gather information as indicated in this policy.

7.2 In addition, on occasion our site may also set a “session cookie” which helps us administer the Website. The session cookie expires when you close your browser and does not retain any information about you after it expires.

7.3 Finally, we may also use an ad network provider to help present advertisements on this and other Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. websites. This ad network provider, like other advertising service vendors, uses cookies, web beacons, or similar technologies on the hard drive of your computer to serve you advertisements tailored to interests you have shown by browsing on this and other sites you have visited, and to determine whether you have seen a particular advertisement before and to avoid sending you duplicate advertisements. In doing so, the provider collects non-personal data such as your browser type, your operating system, web pages visited, time of visits, content viewed, ads viewed, and other clickstream data. The use of cookies, web beacons, or similar technologies by these ad network providers is subject to their own privacy policies, not ours, and Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. assumes no responsibility for the collection or use of such information.

ARTICLE 8. Banner Advertising
8.1 We have contracted with an ad-service to place banner advertising on our Website. All of the data provided and generated by the ad-server software remains in our possession. This feature of our Website may, on occasion, set “cookies” on your computer. Any information collected or stored by the ad-service or the cookies is treated in the same manner as other information described in this statement.

ARTICLE 9. Children’s Personal Information
9.1 Consistent with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act:

9.1.1 This site does NOT collect, use, or disclose personal information (including online contact information) of children under the age of thirteen (13).

9.1.2 In the event that a child under the age of 13 attempts to register on our site, we will NOT accept the registration and will delete information received from the child.

9.1.3 In the event that a child posts personal information in a public forum such as a chat room, we will attempt to delete that information once we become aware of it.

ARTICLE 10. Security of Your Personal Information
10.1 Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. employs reasonable security measures consistent with standard industry practice, for information collected through this Website. We believe that we have adequate security measures in place in our physical facilities to protect against the loss, misuse, or alteration of the information we collect on our Website. We also use internal protections to limit access to users’ personal information to only those employees who need the information to perform a specific job.

ARTICLE 11. Sale or Merger
11.1 If this Website is sold to, or merges with, another company not owned by Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc., you should expect that some or all of the information collected from this Website may be transferred to the buyer/surviving company. If so, CMP will seek to obligate the acquiring company to use any personal information transferred by this Website in a manner consistent with this statement, but cannot guarantee that it will be able to impose that requirement or that the acquiring company will comply.

ARTICLE 12. Legal Process
12.1 You should be aware that Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. may be required to disclose your personal information to the government or third parties under certain circumstances, such as in court or regulatory proceedings.

ARTICLE 13.  Contacting the Website

13.1        If you have any questions about this Privacy Statement, the practices of this Website, or your dealings with this Website, please contact us at: unsolved@unsolved.com.

ARTICLE 14.  general information

14.1        Choice of Law:  This Agreement and the Additional Terms shall be governed by, construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of California , as it is applied to agreements entered into and to be performed entirely within such state, without regard to conflict of law principles.

14.2        Choice of Forum:  You agree that any cause of action you or Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. brings to enforce this Agreement and/or the Additional Terms, or in connection with any matters related to this Website and/or the Privacy Statement, shall be submitted to arbitration in the County of Los Angeles, State of California, United States of America in accordance with the commercial rules and regulations of the American Arbitration Association then in effect (as amended herein), provided that said arbitration shall be heard before a single arbitrator, who shall be a retired judge, selected pursuant to such rules and regulations, and shall be conducted on an expedited basis and in confidence. The arbitrator’s decision shall be controlled by the terms and conditions of this agreement and any other agreements I may enter into with you, and shall be final and binding, and shall provide for each party to bear its own costs of arbitration and attorneys’ fees.  Each party expressly waives any right to a jury.  Judgment upon the award of the arbitrator may be entered or enforced in any court of competent jurisdiction. 

14.4        If any provision of this Agreement, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid or for any reason unenforceable then such provision shall be deemed superseded by a valid, enforceable provision that matches, as closely as possible, the original provision, and the other provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect.  The failure of either party to insist upon strict performance of any provision of this Agreement shall not be construed as a waiver of any provision or right.  Unless expressly provided otherwise, this Agreement is the entire agreement between you and Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. with respect to the use of this Website and shall not be modified except in writing, signed by an authorized representative of Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc.

ARTICLE 15.  European Union and Other Foreign Nations

15.1        This Website is governed by and operated in accordance with the laws of United States of America and is intended for enjoyment of residents of the United States.  Cosgrove Meurer Productions, Inc. makes no representation that this Website is governed by or operated in accordance with the laws of other nations.  By using this Website and submitting any personal information, visitors from outside of the United States acknowledge this Website is subject to U.S. law, consent to the transfer of personal data to the U.S., and waive any claims that may arise under their own national laws.